To finish the ceiling, you can use different materials, but the most practicality, availability and simplicity of installation differ in PVC panels.
Make a ceiling from PVC panels with your own hands will be able to any homemade craftsman, for this you need to purchase or rent the necessary tools, study the sequence of installation and recommendations of specialists.
In order to independently install the ceiling of plastic PVC panels, you first need to correctly calculate their number and the necessary length, figure out how the installation of the carrier structure and the panels themselves are met, after which it is possible to start performing work.
Before starting the calculation of the number of necessary materials, it is necessary to determine which PVC panels you will use, as they have different sizes. When buying, pay attention to the panels to be ceiling, not wall. Since they are not subjected to serious loads on the ceiling, then their strength will be less, respectively below and cost.
Standard ceiling panel dimensions will be:
- thickness in the range of 3-5 mm;
- width from 125 to 350 mm;
- Length is usually from 2.7 m to 6 and even 10 m.
Ceiling in the bathroom
The parameter as the width of the material is of great importance. If you lick the ceiling with wide panels, then there will be fewer seams, so the surface will look more solid. The narrow panels have their advantages: they are much easier to work with them, but it turns out a large number of seams. Experts recommend using the medium width for finishing the ceiling, so it should be 250 mm.
When you decide on the length and width of the panels, be sure to pay attention to the quality of their manufacture. When choosing a material, pay attention to such characteristics:
- It is necessary to comply with the geometry of products, and their surface must be smooth and smooth;
- If there is a drawing, it should be applied clearly and evenly;
- The ribs of hardness should not be shifted on the front side;
- Compare several types of panels than their ribs have the stronger, the stronger the design;
- Pay attention to such a characteristic as the thickness of the rigidity and external walls;
- Try to connect two parts, the dock should be made easily, and the clearance must be minimal, almost inconspicuous;
- Check the material to bend, it should not crack and change its shape.
Calculation of the number of panels for the ceiling
To carry out the calculation of the number of PVC panels, you must first determine the area of the room in which the ceiling will be separated. To determine the ceiling area, it is multiplied by the width. The PVC panel package necessarily indicates the area of one element. You have to divide the resulting ceiling area to the area of one element, and the number of necessary panels will be.
When determining the number of panels, a fractional number is obtained, it is rounded up to the large side, 15-20% are added, which will come to cuts, and the number of panels that you need to purchase are turned out. It is necessary to navigate the length and width of the room, to decide how the installation of panels will be carried out along or across, and in accordance with this, choose the needed length of the elements.
Ceiling with LED lamps
In addition to the required amount of PVC panels, the amount of metal profiles used for the crate is calculated. For this make on paper the room scheme and along the wall paint parallel lines at a distance of 0.6 mm from each other. Calculate and receive the required length of profiles.
The standard length of the galvanized profile is 3 m, so the resulting length is divided by 3 and receive the number of profiles. If the room is more than 6 m 2The transverse strips are installed, the number of which is calculated separately, in accordance with the scheme of their installation.
Ceiling finishes option
A more rigid profile is installed on the wall perimeter, to determine its quantity it is necessary to calculate the ceiling perimeter. A dowels are calculated for fastening profiles to the ceiling and self-tapping screws, which PVC panels are attached to the crate. For every 50 cm, the profile or panel will require one dowel or self-tapping screw.
To determine the length of the ceiling plinth, the obtained perimeter of the room is divided into 3 (the length of the plinth), round up to a greater integer, and you will receive the required number of items.
Instead of galvanized profile and self-tapping screws when creating a fitting indoor with normal humidity, you can use wooden elements and brackets.
Installation of the ceiling from PVC panels
Regardless of the material used to create a frame markup is made equally. Typically, the distance between profiles is 60 cm, on the ceiling across the direction of laying panels from the opposite sides, makes marks, and with the help of a folding cord apply markup.
Installation of the ceiling
If the frame will be attached not to the ceiling surface, and on the suspension, then the line marked on the walls around the perimeter of the room is lowered to the required distance. In addition, on the detached lines for profiles every 50-70 cm make marks for fastening the suspensions.
Carrier construction device
If the PVC ceiling is descended, then the suspensions are fixed in the noted points, they do it with the help of a dowel. At the next stage, a metal profile is mounted on the perimeter of the room on the wall. First, it is installed on the marked line, then at a distance of 30-40 cm holes are made in the wall, they are performed through the profile and immediately fixed with the help of a dowel.
Now the ends of the profile cut along the length are inserted into the wall profile, and it is fixed by self-drawing to the suspension, for the reliability of the design it is necessary to do it from two sides to each suspension. After that, the ends of each element are fixed by self-draws.
After mounting the frame, electrical wiring is carried out, for this, the corrugation is attached to the suspensions, and the cable is already fitted.
If the area of the room is more than 6 square meters, then between the longitudinal carrier profiles, the transverse jumpers should be installed, which are needed to enhance the stiffness of the structure.
PVC panel ceiling cladding
Regardless of which material was used to create a frame, the installation of PVC panels is performed by the same scheme. Note that it is easier to work with a tree, but metal elements are easier and more durable.
Installation of PVC panels is performed in this order:
- On the perimeter of the room on the installed profile, the starting plank is mounted;
- If the installation of the ceiling plinth is planned, a special rack is installed for it;
- After that, the ceiling plinth is mounted;
- In the gap, which is available on the plinth or the starting bar, which has a P-shaped form, the first panel is inserted;
- The first element is aligned and fixed by self-drawers or brackets to each carrier profile;
- The next panel should be tightly treated in the groove of the previous one, the details must be tightly connected to the gap between them the minimum;
- After that, the panel is fixed, and so mounted all subsequent elements;
- In those places where lamps will be installed, the panels are pre-made holes, and the cable is displayed in them;
- The last panel is inserted into the groove of the previous one. If its width is large, then you have to be cut to the desired parameters;
- The wall panel can be fixed with self-drawing through, as they will be hidden under the plinth;
- It remains to establish a ceiling plinth, which will close the lumen between the wall and suspended ceiling;
- Installing and connecting point luminaires is carried out.
Councils of specialists when finishing the ceiling PVC panels:
- To prevent the reproduction of fungus and mold, the surface of the panels, as well as all wooden elements before they are installed, must be treated with special means;
- Even if the ceiling is smooth, you can not glue the plastic panels to the concrete, since there will be no ventilation;
- Buy only high-quality material, an attempt to save money, purchasing cheap materials, leads to the fact that they quickly lose color and shape, may be distinguished by harmful substances;
- Before mounting panels, be sure to make wiring and check its performance;
- In rooms with high humidity it is impossible to make a frame of wooden elements.
If you decide to finish the ceiling independently, the most optimal option that has a beautiful appearance and low cost will be the use of PVC panels. Installation of this material is carried out easily, so it is possible to cope with the work without assistance, it is enough to examine the technology of installation and carry out all the recommendations of specialists.
Video on the topic
Until recently, square or rectangular panels with deep-relief made of foam-based polystyrene were used to refresh the ceiling coatings (such as used for packing household appliances).
The porous surface of these panels had low resistance to pollution in the form of dust, web, fat and soot, well absorbed and gave into the surrounding space such unpleasant odors like tobacco smoke. Washing such a cladding did not give any effect, and the facial surface was covered with not removable dirty divorces. The only way to combat these troubles was the complete replacement of the ceiling coating.
Therefore, rectangular plastic PVC panels are most often used for ceiling systems with dimensions of 0.25 x 3 m thickness of 7.5 ... 8.0 mm. These panels obtained by an extrusive method consist of two flat plates interconnected by longitudinal ribs, the distance between which does not exceed 1 cm.
The longitudinal sides of the panels are equipped with locks in the form of grooves and spikes. They also have a special protruding valve to attach to a facing surface. When installing, they create an effort that attracts the adjacent panels, as a result of the seams between them become invisible.
Especially well, the seams are masked on panels with a glossy working surface, as well as with periodic patterns or ornaments deposited on them. Even more inconspicuous seams between the panels will become when they are mounted perpendicular to the wall in which window openings are located.
Design features and physical properties of PVC panels for the ceiling
The basis of the finishing elements is polyvinyl chloride, and their appearance is represented by two plates connected to each other. Each part of the side has a spike and ribs of rigidity that make the finished design of durable and solid, and also create air insulation inside it.
Manufacturers provide a guarantee for the preservation of PVC panels for the ceiling of their appearance and initial characteristics for 10 years, while compliance with the temperature regime ranging from -50 to +50 degrees. For individual types of ceiling panels, the upper border can reach +110 degrees.
PVC panels for ceiling - Views
By type of connection, the ceiling panels are divided into:
For suture PVC panels, the presence of a visible joint after installation between individual elements, externally resembling lining. On seamless - joints after installation remain barely noticeable.
In turn, suture and seamless products are divided into glossy and matte.
PVC Panel for Ceiling - Color solutions
The standard color of such PVC panels is white. This shade is perfect for any interior, visually raises the ceiling. There is also a mass of other color variations that can be used individually or combined on the same plane.
Depending on the process of painting the panel are divided into:
- Monophonic - simple, but practical products. They have increased resistance to mechanical effects and UV radiation.
- Lacked - their surface is protected by a special strengthening varnish. The disadvantage is the appearance of scratches from the slightest mechanical impact.
- With a printed pattern - a pattern is applied to the outer side. In this case, soft plastic is used, so such panels are cheaper than others, but are less durable. Their alternatives are a strap with thermal printing. Accordingly, both options are the same, but thermal printing gives more variations of the decor.
- Laminated, imitating natural materials. They must be protected from the effects of UV rays, otherwise the laminate will begin to flap.
Despite the low weight of plastic ceiling panels, choosing a product, you should prefer dense items. This is due to the fact that thin-walled parts will skip the light, opening the shortcomings of the rough ceiling or the flaws of the base finish.
Recommendations for choosing panels
Installation of PVC panels on the ceiling begins with the purchase of finishing material. Here it is necessary to pay attention to the quality and design. The quality product must have:
- smooth, without a wave of the edge, which will allow you to produce fast and high-quality assembly;
- a smooth surface, without protruding the edges of rigidity;
- proper geometric shape (without twisting around the longitudinal axis);
- uniform color, with smooth color transitions;
- intact condition: without cracks and chips even on the back side.
The quality and practical method is checked: several times strongly squeeze the corner of the panel. Bad material will break, good - slightly deformed. It is not necessary to save on the thickness of the plates (all PVC panels have a thickness of 10 mm, but they may have different facial and rear plates in the thickness) - from buying thin should be abandoned.
The ceiling decoration by plastic panels should not be based on the personal preferences of the wizard or hosts when choosing a design. There are fundamental principles here to follow:
- Visually will expand the space light color panels;
- The glossy surface creates the illusion of the remote ceiling;
- There should be no more than 3 colors in the room, including the floor, walls and ceiling. Black and white color is not taken into account, they are neutral (does not apply to the pictures and images printed on the ceiling);
- With monochrome color of panels, there should be no more than 2-colors, including white;
- Visible seams should be avoided if they do not carry the function of the decor.
It affects the consumer properties of the ceiling and the choice of the manufacturer of the panels - on the Russian market of building materials they are many. Among the best:
- Venta (Belgium). Produces PVC panels of various sizes and design, including drawings made by modern devices with digital printing. Products of the upper price segment.
- Forte (Italy). On the market since 1969. High quality products with a huge number of colors and shades, allowing you to create an interesting design in any room of the apartment. The cost of the panels corresponds to the quality - high.
- LLC Planet Plastic (Russia, Moscow). Works on overseas equipment and completely imported raw materials. In the range of products manufactured more than 150 finishing panels.
- LLC "ANV-Plast" (Russia, Krasnodar). Young but quickly progressive company. Works completely on domestic raw materials. Wins in a competitive struggle due to the rich selection of panels both in size and design, as well as a lower price.
Advantages of panel ceilings
Installation of such a design with a certain skill can be carried out by almost any person even without special skills and special education. This significantly reduces costs for any form of repair. Experts and those who have already established a similar design, the following positive sides of this building material are noted:
- Sufficient plasticity;
- Perfectly cleaned;
- Effectively hides the unevenness of the ceiling;
- Allows you to hide wiring;
- No moisture is afraid, suitable for installation in bathrooms;
- A wide coloring palette for every taste.
When choosing the color of panels better stop your choice On calm, moderate colors, professionals are recommended. However, the original design room still may include a bright, extraordinary ceiling, which emphasizes the uniqueness and unusualness of the room. But in this case, the owner of the room should be as an extraordinary and unique person.
Disadvantages of PVC panels
There is nothing perfect in the world . Non-defined deficiencies and PVC panels:
- The greatest minus of this material is its flammability. Although modern PVC are able to withstand temperatures up to four hundred degrees, one should not be placed next to them powerful heat sources, such as, for example, light instruments. It must be remembered that when burning plastic highlights highly toxic smoke;
- The PVC material is quite fragile and when hitting it can crack or completely collapse. Therefore, when repairing with your own hands, you should consider this building material with maximum caution. It is also very careful to store it, without removing the protective packaging, recommended professionals;
- PVC must be protected from direct sunlight, as it burns out of this. And this means that in the room it is worth considering the design in advance so that it includes the dense curtains, blinds or tulle on the windows;
- Recently, some refuse PVC on the walls and ceilings, as the plastic is more suitable for office space. However, it does not have a direct relationship to disadvantages, but is playing a purely psychological character.
In any case, the pluses of panels For the ceiling outweigh cons, and it is worth considering when mounting the design.
How to calculate the amount of material
By implementing any kind of construction or repair, it is necessary to accurately calculate the amount of the required material to avoid unnecessary costs. Calculate the required volume of PVC panels for the ceiling is simple enough: you only need to pre-free the area of the repairable plane. Next you need to know the sizes of the panel. , most often they are the following parameters - width 25-30 centimeters, length - 2.7-3 meters and thickness from 5 to 10 millimeters. The exact dimensions are always indicated on the packaging of the material. Calculating the desired amount, do not forget to add 10-15 percent for unforeseen expenses.
Tools and additional materials
For mounting the suspension system, metal profiles and ceiling plinth will also be needed. Calculate the amount of profile can be schematically by portraying the ceiling on a sheet of paper, while specifying the area planned under construction. In the diagram, the diagram of the line of the future attachment from the calculation of 60 centimeters between profiles. After that, it is possible to calculate the length of the required material. Need to take into account that around the perimeter ceiling The profile is needed more hard. It is also very important to calculate the required number of required dowels and screws.
The ceiling plinth frames the suspended ceiling throughout the perimeter and is designed to create aesthetic species. Plinth is usually three meters long. Having calculated its required amount, add all the same 10-15 percent for possible unforeseen circumstances.
For work take care On the presence of the required tool. You will need:
–Drill with adjustable revs or screwdriver;
- Two-meter construction level;
- Handsman common wood;
- Hoven for metal;
- Glue "Liquid nails";
A set of such tools may not be at every home master. Tip: Optionally, buying new tools, you may be able to rent them from the same neighbor or a good acquaintance.
Preparation of the surface being repaired
The ceiling from PVC panels is very important to mount without an excessive rush. It is necessary to prepare the surface of the ceiling surface in advance. For this, it is completely cleaned from everything that can crumble - old paint, shplanke, plaster and so on. It is best to treat the surface after this surface. Given the fact that the panels can be served not one year, it is best to choose for the processing of the ceiling surface as much as possible building materials. This will significantly increase the life of PVC, as well as to preserve the aesthetic look of the ceiling, even after carrying out dismantling work after several years.
Starting the markup for the future design, it is necessary to leave at least two centimes under the wiring. Markup can be carried out both with a pencil, and any other suitable way. Since all the preliminary schemes will simply be seen in the future. However, the more careful marking, the better the prepared area will continue, as noted earlier. Therefore, the usual pencil will be here as it is impossible.
Markup should be started from the lowest corner of the room. After that, the construction two-meter levels are conducted throughout the perimeter. For this, it will also be convenient to apply a construction laser level.
After that, the framework of the framework of support structures, which should be placed perpendicular to PVC panels. The step of this design, we remind you to be 60 centimeters.
Types of ceiling crates
The frame of the suspended ceiling can be manufactured from three types of material: metal, wood, plastic.
Briefly consider each of them:
- Plastic frame. P-shaped profile, high-quality plastic is fastened in places marking with a dowel. The step between the dowels is 25-30 centimeters. To trim the unnecessary plastic parts, we use the metal hacksaw;
- Wooden frame. The bar is attached to the ceiling of dowels and shock screws. For alignment of the crates, wooden gaskets are used, which are led between the ceiling and a timber;
- Metal carcass. Today it is the most common type of crate. The profile has a P-shaped section. The profile is attached with a step of 60 centimeters using anchors that can withstand heavy loads.
It is necessary to pay attention to the locations of the lighting devices, at these points, the additional jumpers are installed between the carrier elements of the crates.
Stages of mounting panel ceiling
To install the ceiling, you must follow the following sequence:
- We place on the walls of the site of fastening profiles. After that, freamed profile so that there are no cracks between it and the wall.
- Mounting of transverse profiles is performed.
- Next, follows the fixation of the L-shaped profile around the perimeter. He plays the role of "starting platform" installation of PVC panels. At this stage, it is necessary if there is a need, laying electrical wiring and places for fastening the lighting devices.
- Mounting PVC panels. After pre-cutting the desired panel length, they begin to fasten them to the frame. The first panel is attached to the profile in the wall. Then the following panels will be plugged, which are joined in the grooves. For a more dense adjustment, it is recommended to make a lung trapping with a hammer. After the panel entered the castle, it is attached by self-drawing so that they are not visible.
- The last PVC panel is attached. At this stage, patience and accuracy will need, since almost certainly it will be necessary to cut the panel along the entire length. It is better to leave this work on that part of the room, where, even in case of failure, this lack will not be visible.
- Fastening the ceiling plinth. After complete completion of the PVC fastening, the plinth is mounted. It is attached throughout the perimeter with the help of "liquid nails". Plinth docking places close in sealant. Excess glue and sealant are immediately removed by the rag.
The final stage is the installation of lighting devices. By the way, the lighting in the room plays a crucial role. Therefore, it is worth thinking about in advance exactly what type of lighting will be concisely looked with such a kind of ceiling. Experts recommend not to choose too chic and fastened chandeliers, but to stop their choice on simple and elegant lamps that will perfectly perform their basic function and will preserve the aesthetic look of the room. But in the bathroom, it is recommended to use low-voltage lighting to avoid damage to the current in the case of a communal accident.
As you can see from a brief instruction, the ceiling of PVC makes it yourself not only possible, but also quite simple. The completed appearance of the ceiling will undoubtedly please the eye and will provide long operation.
Marking of walls
Mounting the framework is necessary with the mandatory use of a construction level, which will provide the ability to exclude the likelihood of distortion. In order not to perform measurements of each rail, you need to mark on the walls. The lower part of the frame must be 1-2 cm above the floor covering. At this height on the wall surface, you should draw a pencil point, after which using the level it is necessary to carry out a horizontal strip throughout the perimeter of the room. A similar line should be applied along the border of the finishing material or under the ceiling, if the trim will be on a not full height. Next, it is necessary to measure up 0.4-0.5 meters from the bottom of the band, install the beacon and continue this procedure to the upper feature. Through the lighthouses need to be strictly parallel lines along the length of all walls, which is the final stages of markup.
The fixation of the panels should be carried out to the frame perpendicularly, because of which the horizontal dorette is frozen vertically and in the opposite direction. In case of drawing vertical design, the first strip must be carried out in the corner from the ceiling to the floor through a plumb. The markup of the second angle is carried out, after which other lines are applied with a gap of 0.5 m.
Fastening the carcass
When building claws from wood materials, all its components must be pre-open with an antiseptic. Upon staples using the perforator, the holes under the dowel are drilled at a distance of 0.5 m. Next, you need to attach the rails, align them horizontally and fix on the wall surface. In places of irregularities, under the frame should be put on wood wedges. Walking along the wall of the wire must be hidden under the finish, for which it is necessary to measure the measurements, drill holes in the surface and consolidate them through the clamps in such a way that there is no peeking due to the frame plane.
Fixation of plastic panels
The installation of the first lamellas should be carried out from the far from the entrance of the angle of the room, which is considered the most notable. Next, measurements are made, and in the case of the need for the lining, it is cut off with the help of a hacksaw. One side of the lamella is installed in the molding on the side, which leans to the corner and on the back side is carried out its fixation to the frame.
The second panel must be inserted into the fixing groove the previous ones, tightly pressing the joints and fixing the crate to the wooden elements. To increase the tightness of the joints before installing the edge along the edges, it should be easily linked with silicone. All further panels are attached in the same way.
The corresponding holes should also be cut on the switches of lighting elements and sockets for electrical appliances in the lamellas.
Upon completion of the installation, these areas need to be closed by plastic boxes. The extreme panel basically needs to cut the width, so the first thing is to apply it to the wall surface, the bands corresponding to the sizes of the opening are placed using a pencil for which the lamella cuts is on.
Upon completion of the installation of all panels, the walls must have a monolithic and even view, with the absence of slots on the surface of the seams and in the rest of the sections. To hide them, all existing joints and corners are closed by molding from plastic. The design of these products provides an opportunity to gently dress on the edges of the lamellas from both edges, giving them attractiveness.
Lastly, on the length of the ceiling, the installation of decorative moldings is carried out, and the floor plinths are fixed on the floor.
Preliminary calculations of quantity required
In order to avoid acquiring surplus and re-visits the store, the first thing should be determined to determine the optimal number of lining necessary for finishing. The material can be mounted in a vertical or horizontal position depending on personal wishes.
In the first case, the calculations are carried out as follows: the accuracy of the room around the perimeter is measured, from which the width of the opening is taken, and the obtained indicators are separated by the width of the same plastic panel. The resulting number should add 2-3 products as spare.
When performing a horizontal installation, the room area is measured with extending windows and doors. The resulting number must be divided into an area of 1 panel. In this case, replacement products should be purchased at least 10%, as the number of cropping increases. In addition, it is required to calculate the number of ridges, which will be used to arrange the crate and as fasteners. First of all, the height of the walls must be divided into a frame of a frame. Basically, this indicator reaches 50 cm, after which it needs to be multiplied by the perimeter of the room. The resulting value indicates the length of the rails in the route meters. After measuring the height of the corners, and multiplying the resulting number on their number, the full number of angular profiles will be released. This indicator also follows the perimeter of windows and doors.
Plastic panels: how to sew the ceiling
Types of profiles for installing plastic panels
Manufacturers except plastic panels produce finishing profiles, which allows you to get a finished look. Because when finishing the panel you have to cut, both along and across, then ends without finishing profiles will look completely unattractive. Therefore, the profile is required as the starting, connecting, angles - the inner and external, the ceiling profile, which is similar to the plinth. These profiles are also called moldings. The number and variation of profiles depends on the configuration of the ceilings. Installation of plastic panels and profiles (moldings) is carried out on the frame, which is mounted first.
Installation of suspended ceiling
Hinged ceiling of plastic panels
The suspended ceiling of plastic panels is the most common solution, since the plastic panels are permissible to fix only on a flat surface of the tree. In other cases, it is a suspended ceiling, because it is necessary to mount the frame. The advantage of suspended ceilings is also in the fact that you can hide various communications behind them, although such a ceiling can pick up a part of the useful space. In addition, you will need to install the lamps, so the ceiling will have to lower at least 8 centimeters.
Features of the build of the carcass
The suspended ceiling is collected from the guides that are used when mounting drywall systems. It is better to use galvanized profiles and the same fasteners, although it doesn't matter for dry rooms. Often, wooden bars are used for mounting the frame, which are better treated with antiseptics and antipirens. In fact, the frame of wooden rivers is more technological, since it is possible to achieve a minimum distance from the main ceiling, which is sometimes very important.
Ready frame under the suspension ceiling of plastic panels
First of all, the rails along the perimeter of the room are attached, not forgetting that they are put strictly in terms of level. After that, the guides are attached to be located perpendicular to the direction of plastic panels. Guides are attached with 50-60 cm increments, although the best results can be obtained when the guides are located after 40 cm, if you consider the fact that the ceiling panels are more flexible and form a greater provision. At the same time, it is necessary to monitor that the guides are exactly in the same plane.
If the ceiling in its flatter allows, then make a minimum indent from the ceiling, navigating the frame directly to the ceiling. When the ceiling is uneven, then in places of attachment put wedges of wood or plywood segments of the desired thickness. Such a frame looks about in this way.
In order not to lower the ceiling, the gap can be made minimal
There are cases, but they are rare when plastic panels are attached directly to the ceiling. This is possible if the ceiling is laid by chipboard, plywood or OSB plates and no horizontal correction does not need. Installation technology is identical and no different if the panels were mounted on a prepared frame.
In all other cases, you have to resort to the installation of a frame, since each surface requires adjustment by level. The minimum distance from the ceiling is about 3 centimeters, which corresponds to the thickness of the plasterboard system profiles. If a tree is used, then it is permissible to achieve a minimum distance of about 1 centimeter: it would be necessary to secure plastic panels.
There is another option, but it is, just in case: the mounting of the panels to the ceiling due to liquid nails. As a rule, there are few people like this option, due to its features, which were mentioned earlier.
Before the frame is attached to the PVC panels, it is necessary to fix the profile. The starting profile is usually attached, but in the case of the ceiling for this, the ceiling molding is provided in the form of a plinth. It is attached around the perimeter to the frame, while the edges are joined at an angle, depending on which form is the ceiling. The docking of the angles requires high professionalism, since inside the profile there is emptiness and the slightest inaccuracy leads to the appearance of gaps that immediately rush into the eyes. If the minimum gaps are, they can be put on with a putty, which is unlikely to hold on, or sealant.
First attach one of these profiles
The ceiling molding is attached using self-tapping screws or with glue, although everything depends on the quality of molding, which can be a bit twisted "propeller". With such poor-quality finishing materials, it is very difficult to work.
Installing the starting profile for plastic panels
In the case of attachment on glue, molding is attached not to the frame profile, but directly to the wall. To do this, on the reverse side of the molding, a mounting glue is applied in the form of a zigzag, and the place of attachment on the wall is degreased. After that, the molding is applied to the wall and its evenness is controlled. The adhesive for glue also requires great mastery, because glue represents a liquid substance and under certain conditions it is unlikely to be able to glue correctly if the design is not fixed. As a rule, the three sides are glued, and the fourth is glued after hardening and reliable fastening of 3 sides. Usually do it on the second day.
Excess glue is removed only after its complete drying. If you do it immediately after installation, the glue will simply smell, leaving behind the mark that is removed very hard, and sometimes it is simply impossible to remove it.
Fastening plastic panels
Installation of plastic panels is carried out after installing all necessary profiles. If the profile is glued, then you have to wait for the adhesive. If they are attached with the help of self-tapping screws, immediately after their attachment, they begin to fasten the panels. First of all, measurements are made with such accounting so that the panels are included in the groove, it should be felt a small gap. In other words, the panel should easily move around the groove. If the geometry of the room is incorrect, then it is better to make measurements for each panel.
Installing the first strip of plastic panels on the ceiling
The plastic lining is cut in any tool, but the hacksaw is considered more preferable. If there are no straight corners, you will have to tinker with the first panel. It is very important to calculate the panels so that the first and last panel cut off along, as little as possible. After installing the first panel, it is fixed to the frame guide using a screw or a stapler if the frame is wooden. If the mount is carried out with the help of self-tapping screws, it is better to take a self-tapping screw with wide but low hats.
Each subsequent bar is installed in a similar way, but in the package of the previous panel, while the edges of the panel must be included in the grooves of molding. As a rule, the panels are connected to each other without much effort.
Naturally, it is quite difficult to cope with such a task, therefore it is better to have an assistant. This is especially true if the room is not small and you have to mount the long panels that cannot be kept to one person.
In the installation process you have to cut holes for the lamps. Since the finishing material is soft enough, the holes are easily cut with a conventional building knife. In the next video, you can see how the hole is done using a conventional drill and a latically drill. Here you can get some useful recommendations.
Installation of plastic panels on the ceiling Watch this video on Youtube
Before cleaning the ceiling, it is necessary to take care that all electrical wires are connected to the installation places of the lamps. Moreover, it is necessary to check for performance so that then you did not have to disassemble the entire ceiling. That is why it is recommended not to resort to different adhesives or liquid nails. If you suddenly have to disassemble the ceiling, and in life anything happens, you will have to break the panel, after which they will have to be thrown away.
Installation of the last panel
If, basically, the installation of the first and subsequent panels is not particularly difficult, then with the last panel, you will have to tinker, especially if there is no experience. The easier it is to insert the last panel to the landing place than it is already more flexible. With wide rigid panels work is much more complicated. As a rule, the last panel cuts up, both in length and width, and so that the panel freely becomes in its place. You can use two options:
- Cropped strip is inserted into the starting profile or in the ceiling profile from all sides: if the strip is long, then it will not be problems, especially with the assistant. In order for the strip after that reliably connected in locks with the previous strip, it must be neatly moved. In no case cannot be used by tools as a spatula, for example, since one incorrect movement and plastic panel will be corrupted. Landing is carried out only with the help of hands using the entire area of the palms. Alternatively, you can wear rubber gloves so that the grip is better.
- The last band is glued with glue, but this option has a number of negative consequences. The most important thing is that the strip becomes non-removable. If you have to disassemble the ceiling, it will need to break, and this is the worst thing that can be represented. Installation of the last plank
This can be said that the ceiling is enhanced with plastic PVC panels. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that there are other finishes, without the use of the ceiling profile, the installation of which often leads to an inesttic form in connection with the presence of gaps. So that this does not happen, do this: first the ceiling is sewn, with small gaps from the entire perimeter, and then the ceiling plinths (baguettes) from polystyrene are glued. The effect is obvious: since the gaps can be sealing with putty, then as a result there is not a single gap. As a result, high-quality work performed. In addition, such plinths can be painted in any color, depending on the color gamma of the used ceiling panels.
How to remove slots
If a ceiling molding is used in the form of a plinth, then 100 percent can be confident that as a result of the ceiling finishes with plastic panels, many slots will appear. Of course, if you use a high-quality, dear finishing material of the imported manufacturer, the number of slots may be minimal, but if the material is domestic, then they have so much that it will have to shock the slots around the perimeter of the ceiling, as well as on the connections, not to mention the corners.
Fresh acrylic well wipes
To get rid of visible flaws in the work, you need to take a white acrylic sealant. This sealant fills all the irregularities and gaps well, but you need to be able to work with it, because he quickly freezes. As a rule, the cracks are close to small sections, centimeters of 30. After applying acrylic, the extra acrylic is immediately removed using a wet cloth. The acrylic surface is also a wet rag, and even better wet finger, after which the surface is just perfect. After that, acrylic must completely dry over the time specified on the package.
After a complete drying acrylic, especially in those places where the thick layer had to be applied, acrylic is drawn, and recesses appear. It is not scary because it is possible to fill with acrylic by acrylic. As a rule, the second time is enough. All other manipulations are carried out in the same way. After a complete drying of the second layer acrylic, no flaws will no longer and one can safely say that the work was performed qualitatively. If we talk about the timing, then it is better to spend more time and make it all better in order not to redo it.
How to lure seams and cracks on the ceiling acrylic sealant Watch this video on Youtube
Video - Make a ceiling of PVC panels
As you can see, the fastening of PVC panels to the ceiling is a fairly simple occupation that does not require big knowledge and experience in construction. Therefore, for self finishing of the room and, in particular, the ceiling plastic panels are the best options.
Application and operation
Plastic ceiling coatings can be used in residential and public spaces. Since the appointments of such premises are usually different, plastic ceilings in them can have their own characteristics. Let's look at these features. The aesthetic qualities of the ceilings can be maintained in properly dozens of years, it all depends on the care of them and regular maintenance.
Plastic ceiling in the kitchen
The kitchen ceiling is best looks from the panels with a glossy surface. It is easiest to be cleared of a gas furnace fat soot, unlike deep-embossed panels or relief. Color or its drawing can be selected in the tone of the ceramic tiles used, wallpaper or kitchen furniture.
Council Wash the ceiling of plastic is recommended at least once a month. As a surfactant, an aqueous solution of soap, washing powder or any of the dishes washing products can be used.
It is possible to restore the shine by wipping the surface with a weak (1 ... 3%) solution of ammonia or ammonia. The process of purification from dirt itself can be organized with a rogue ordinary mops or the use of washing vacuum cleaner.
In the bathroom
The use of plastic when the ceiling device in the bathroom is one of the most progressive finish methods. The bathroom room is intended to receive water procedures, and, therefore, characterized by high humidity. The plastic panels of PVC themselves have very high stability when exposed to water splashes or high humidity.
Elements of wooden frames should be additionally protected by waterproof paint coatings based on polymer resins - acrylic, epoxy, polyurethane.
Metal frames are better used with the details of galvanized tin. For better protection against corrosion, it is possible to use coatings based on turbine or chromium oxide divorced in a natural olife. Good results are covered with bitumen or coal lacquer. Gaps, gaps in places of adjoining to the walls and to engineering communications is better to isolate with polyurethane mounting foam or silicone mastic.
In the interior of the bathroom
Installation, connection, insulation of electrical lighting must be performed by an electrician with certification. All switches, sockets better endure the wine room. These actions will avoid electric shock during operation.
In the corridor
The ceilings in the corridors, as well as the hallways, are also often separated by plastic panels. Instead of one lamp in the form of a chandelier, a beam or ceiling, several built-in point lamps use. The device of the individual connection console will allow separate zones or space indoors.
If built-in wardrobes or mezzanine are located in the passing premises, their internal surfaces are also very convenient to separate with hygienic PVC panels.
Idea for a hallway
In the toilet room
Not invented nothing better plastic for finishing ceilings isolated toilet rooms. PVC panels do not absorb and do not retain any odors for a long time, unlike plastering, drywall, fabrics. Plastic is well hiding a variety of ceiling liner of engineering and other communications, as well as systems of normal operation of the building.
In the houses of the construction of the 30th ... 50s of the past century, you can still meet the toilet bowls with vertical drain. At the same time, the discharge tube comes out of the ceiling of the lower floor toilet room and the same sewer riser is crashed at right angles. The alteration of such a design requires replacing the toilet bowls, sewer risers and strengthening inter-storey floors. If this is not possible, such a design can be hidden behind the suspended plastic ceiling.
On glazed balconies and loggias
Plastic is widely used for the interior decoration of glazed balconies and loggias. It gives such premises a finished look, hiding the defects of brick or panel walls, as well as bearing balcony plates.
The device of plastic ceilings in the bedrooms can be performed in various ways. If the height of the room allows, it can be the ceiling types "Armstrong" or "Grilyato". They use a lattice from standard profiles with shelves, creating a suspended system with cells of the desired size.
The inside of the cells are plastic panels, which can be made of very light polymer materials reinforced with special fibrovocams. Panels may have a diverse color or pattern, form in the form of pyramids or trapezes, visually increasing space and room volume.
In the bedrooms, the ceiling can be performed in various ways.
The ceilings in the bedrooms at their height 2.20 ... 2.50 m can be made of conventional three-meter plastic panels on wooden or metal frames. As designer solutions, you can alternate the order of colors and patterns of adjacent panels. They can be installed as in the tone of the drawing of neighboring sheets, and in the opposite contrast version.
Council In experiments with color color and panel patterns, their sharp combinations of overexcitation and insomnia should be avoided. This is especially true of bedrooms and children's rooms. It is better to use soothing, so-called pastel tones that allow you to cause a strong relaxing sleep.
Like other finishing construction materials plastic, including in the form of PVC panels, for ceilings has its own advantages and negative qualities.
How to make a ceiling?
Plastic ceilings - Available and Really
Do you want to update your design available and tasteful? We propose to consider the option of plastic ceilings. Unlike other species, such a coating has many advantages. Much more than you imagine. And the care of them is as simple as the installation. After reading the information, please leave your assessments with argumentation in the comments. They will be useful for other readers. Your opinion is very important for us. Thank you for your participation. We appreciate each of your feedback and time spent.
- Easy installation
- Lack of mock mock and hard dust dust
- No release of the room from furniture and other bulky interior items
- The variety of colors, patterns and textures imitating valuable breeds of finishing materials
- Ease of care and surface cleaning
- The possibility of not destroying disassembly and transfer plastic cladding to another place with the preservation of all its useful performance
- Reducing the height of the room
- Low resistance to mechanical point shocks
- Changing color under the action of solar ultraviolet
Best manufacturers of PVC panels for ceilings
Buying any product, we give great importance to choosing a reliable manufacturer. In the modern building market, they appear very much. Let us dwell on the best:
- Venta. - The company from Belgium, which occupies a leading position. Venta releases PVC panels for ceiling with various parameters and design. Not so long ago, the production of decks with a digital printing applied to the surface.
- Forte - Italian manufacturer speaking in the market since 1969. Product production is based on the use of modern high-tech equipment. A rich choice of a wide variety of shades allows customers to realize the appropriate ceiling design from PVC panels in their apartment.
- LLC "Planet Plastic" - Firm from Moscow, operating since 2001. Production is carried out using foreign equipment and in foreign raw materials. The company presents consumers more than 150 different variations of finishing elements.
- Ural Plast LLC - Manufacturer of Magnitogorsk, the quality products of which is also the result of using foreign equipment. In addition to standard PVC panels, this company produces products with original design.
- LLC ANV-Plast - Company from Krasnodar. She began his activity in 2001 and in a short time achieved success. The company supports domestic manufacturers, acquiring their original raw materials for production. The competitive advantage of ANV-Plast LLC is that the price of its products is much lower.
Duplex ceiling from PVC panels do it yourself
It is clear that the possibilities of manufacturing plastic PVC cladding are not limited to flat single-level circuits. Decorative finish can be made in several levels, highlight the angle and even perform a spit rotation or slope.
For these purposes, special guide profiles are used, stacked on a wooden frame. Small elements in the form of penalties and niches can be collected on an adhesive basis or on the simplest suspension.
The system of sides and finish profiles allows you to collect quite complex multi-level surfaces.
Cost and calculation of the PVC panel for the ceiling
To determine the desired number of plastic panels for the ceiling, multiply the lengths and widths of the room. The resulting digit is divided into the area of one PVC panel for the ceiling. You will receive the number of planks on the room. Add a value of 10-15% for a possible damage of the material during transport or installation.
If we talk about price, the average cost for one panel is approximately 150 rubles. It depends on the external characteristics of the product. So, the PVC panel is 3000 mm long and 250 mm wide can be purchased for 100 rubles. , and a strip of 6000 mm long and a similar width - for 200 rubles.
Payment of services for masters carrying the ceiling decoration will be approximately 450 rubles. For 1 square. m. If you decide to independently separate the ceilings in the house PVC panels, you will have to incur costs associated only with the acquisition of materials.
Brief PVC Panel Mounting For Ceiling
Mounting plastic panels are needed on designs made of metal profile and metal suspensions, including framework and crate.
On a note! The basis of the design can also be a wooden lamp. However, it is better to abandon the bathroom with such a way, since the high humidity is destructive.
Mounting the frame starts with marking. It depends on the quality and success of the work carried out.
According to the applied labels to the wall, the profile is fixed, then the transverse elements are installed for the subsequent attachment of PVC panels.
PVC panels for the ceiling frame for the ceiling are mounted as follows:
- Hisching products are cut to the required value.
- The first panel is attached parallel to the wall surface and the crate.
- The next to do is mounted in another groove of the previous plank. In this order, the entire ceiling is collected.
- The last rail is carefully customized under the distance of the wall.
All elements should fit tightly to each other, and there are no cracks on the surface.
The process of installing plastic panels does not take you long time. But the ceilings decorated by them will be a long time to please their appearance.
Installation of PVC panel for ceiling on the ceiling video instruction
Useful recommendations for installing plastic panels
During use, installation work and when caring for PVC, the clappers may also use the number of the following advice to many owners:
- When mounting lamellas without structures, the crate is used to use glue to be applied with smooth lines in the form of a mesh straight to the surface of the walls, not allowing left-wing spaces.
- During the cutting and drilling of the holes of the panel, it is necessary to place the front side. For cutting, it is necessary to apply a manual pylon, a hacksaw of metal or a construction knife. When used, it is necessary to ensure the protection of the eyes with dressing of special glasses.
- When climbing nails should exclude the likelihood of hammer from the surface of the panels themselves, since they have dents.
- Cleaning PVC lamellas is required using a soap composition. In no case, it is impossible to use abrasive tools, rigid lips and mixtures on the base of the solvent to cleanse the panels.
Understanding how to mount the plastic panels to the wall and making exactly the above-described actions with your own hands, it will be possible to properly separate the room and transform it to be unrecognizable, but that the material has served for many years and has not lost the appearance, it is necessary to handle with it and maintain in properly , producing wet cleaning at times.
How to make wiring under a plastic ceiling
The use of PVC cladding seriously makes it difficult to access the wiring, so the cable laying is used by corrugated cards, laid in past grooves on the wall and ceiling.
If, by the conditions of installation, the undercomputer space turns out to be quite large, then the CORPR can be simply tied to the suspension or make individual loops - brackets without contact with a metal frame. To lay the wiring, you will need to make a copper loop and lay it in advance in the corrugation.
How to insert the latest plastic panel on the ceiling
For installation, the part must be pre-trimmed by the width so that the end does not go beyond the line of the frame of the frame. To simplify the work, it was driving try to make a small gap, which simplifies the installation, and the thin slot is easy to close with a decorative overlay.
The panel will be hardened inside into the undercontal space, laid on the guides and served ahead with the help of a pair of tape pieces until the lock is completely connected.
The last panel must have two cross-line supports
Seeling gaps after plastic plastic ceiling
Polychlorvinyl facing materials have a high thermal expansion coefficient, a small heating of plastic on the ceiling can lead to deformation and swelling of individual lamellae. Therefore, a gap of 3-5 mm should always be between the ends of the plastic and the wall.
The easiest way to hide this part of the ceiling cladding involves the use of PVC corner, which is pasted along the wall using the usual "titanium" or "dragon". Sometimes instead of PVC decor, customers prefer to make an edging ceiling from cheaper and affordable foam corners, ceiling plinths and no standard widths.
Stock Foto Ceiling of plastic panels
Video - plastic ceiling with your own hands
Plastic has many supporters and no less opponents. But if you need an inexpensive, quickly mounted and attractive finish, then one of the most popular options for plastic panels. Every year their assortment increases everything. There are monophonic, striped, in a cage, with flowers and vegetable elements that imitate brickwork, natural stones, etc. Of all this variety, the ceiling of plastic panels is usually monotonous. And most often - white or very close to it - with a light shade, such as "melting milk", extractor, ivory, etc.
By type of surfaces, they can be glossy or matte. There are collections with rough pouring - for those who prefer original solutions. There is also brilliant inserts. But since the ceiling of plastic panels make almost always in the technical premises - the kitchen, bathroom, toilet, on the balcony - then small, as a rule, are forced to choose a glossy surface: it visually lifts the ceiling, and due to the reflection, the room seems more spacious. Also, the reflections on the ceiling increase the illumination - with a matte ceiling it is necessary to take a greater number of lamps or increase their power.
Harmful or not
You can often hear that plastic in the house is not a place. Perhaps, but there are almost everywhere plastic. It is even packaged in it, we have many products in the kitchen and in the bathroom too from plastic. PVC panels make from the same group of plastics as syringes and containers for products. What is nice that this material has no pores in which bacteria and other microorganisms can settle. If there is a nutrient medium on the surface and favorable conditions, they will multiply, but can be removed by one movement of a cloth moistened in soapy water or disinfectant solution. Plastic panels are really hygienic. Proof can be considered the fact that Santsansion allows them to separate therapeutic institutions.
The second moment, which also stops: flammable plastics. They really burn. Begin to maintain the flame at temperatures from + 360 ° C. For comparison: chipboard and fiberboard, OSP (OSB) begin to burn at + 250 ° C. If you compare these materials in terms of the amount of smoke isolated, then plastics are isolated by 40-50% less.
Another argument: the ceiling of plastic panels does not breathe. If you live in a private house, and from above you have a ventilated attic, the air exchange is important. If you live in a high-rise building, you still need to equip the ventilation system, which is in the kitchen, and in the bathroom with a toilet is simply necessary. And so that the ceiling does not accumulate condensate, line up a pair of ventilation grids in opposite angles. Although, the ceiling is still notometric and with sufficient air exchange no problems arise.
Types of plastic ceiling panels
All PVC panels are divided into two categories: wall and ceiling. They differ in rigidity and weight: mechanical strength is unimportant on the ceiling, because the material is made lightweight, with thin walls. You need to handle them neatly: you can smit even with two fingers. Is it possible to mount the wall panels on the ceiling. It is possible, but they are more expensive, and their more high strength is unbalanced. In addition, they are harder, therefore, the load on the frame will be increased (if such) and when it is necessary) and when installing it, it is necessary to take it into account.
Now about the size of the panels and the types of their surfaces. There is a material, the appearance of which resembles the lining: the same strips, only from plastic. The ceiling of such panels is also called red as the surface of the surface is very similar.
Virtually even, without cracks, the surface, with difficulty, the joints is obtained from seamless plastic panels. The joints of such panels are almost invisible: the facial surface is smooth and smooth, and from the sides there are spikes and grooves, as on the usual lining, with which the skin is collected.
There is still sheet plastic. It is more difficult to work with him and it is used by little: it is necessary if the columns are separated or other nonlinear surfaces, and the ceiling is more convenient to collect from the rails.
The pluses of ceilings from plastic panels can be attributed to the ease of care: almost any contamination is washed off with warm soapy water. There is always an invariable view of about 5-10 years - depends on the quality of plastic.
How to make a ceiling of plastic panels
When buying PVC RESEK, you will need more finishing profiles - moldings - with which they make out ends and joints. Their choice depends on the configuration of your room and on exactly how you are going to make the ceiling. There are two options: make a suspended ceiling or attach plastic directly to the main one.
Suspended ceiling of plastic panels
On the one hand, the mounted ceiling allows you to hidden the communication, not engaged in the stroke of the walls. On the other hand, he "eats" some height. It will take 3 cm on it. But this is if the lamps put ordinary, and not embedded. To install the built-in luminaire, the false-headlock must be omitted from the capital by 8-12 cm. Smaller lamps you will not find, except for furniture or LED. If you put them in sufficient quantities and separately make the backlight of the mirror, then the illumination should be enough.
Collect the carcass
When a suspended ceiling device collect the frame from the guides. Most often use profiles to work with plasterboard. If you make the ceiling in the bathroom or in the kitchen, take profiles and fasteners galvanized. In more dry rooms it is noncritical. More collected frame from wooden bars 30 * 30 mm or more sections.
They feed the planks or profiles first around the perimeter, putting them all in the level. Then on standard suspensions (there are two types) or wooden bars fasten with a step of 50-60 cm intermediate guides. They are also aligned so that they are in the same plane with the previously installed (it's easier to do, if you pull the threads between the already installed and smooth on them).
If you decide to make a minimum indent, only to lay the corrugated-clang - 3 mi, then the planks are nailed directly to the ceiling. If necessary, the level is aligned with lining - plywood pieces, wood wedges, etc. In this case, the frame looks like this.
Installation of starting strips
After the frame is assembled, you can start the installation of plastic panels. It begins with the installation of the starting profile. In the case of the ceiling, still the ceiling molding is used.
It is fixed close to the profile or bar attached around the perimeter of the room. The edges are drowned at an angle of exactly 45 °. The length must be measured very accurately: the slightest inconsistency leads to the appearance of gaps. Against the background of the white ceiling and the white profiles (or color, no matter), the gaps are black very clearly. If they are small, it will be possible to smear with a putty, but it is better to cut off clearly: exactly in the length of the wall or with a light one - in 1 mm-resort.
Sliced bar can be glued or fasten with self-draws. Ceiling molding is better - glue (on liquid nails). So the junction turns out perfect: gluing you press the bar tightly, screwing into the "bugs" of such an effect, since it is a little twisted forward.
On the other side, which goes to the wall, the zigzag is applied fine strip of glue. The surface of the wall is degreased (646 solvents can be taken). After drying, the piece is installed in the place, tightly pressed over the entire length and leaves. On the wall should remain glue. Leave it for a few minutes (4-8 looking at viscosity, the bar should not be saved, and the glue must be branded well) and then apply in place. To be sure that the bar has become smoothly, take the rule, ruler, smooth bar and check the level of the glued starting profile. If necessary, until the glue finally grabbed, the bar is corrected.
By gluing the starting profiles from three sides (letter P), they are left to dry, otherwise when installing the slats, you can move from the place. After 8-12 hours, the glue hardens and it will be possible to continue the installation.
If, during the gluing "liquid nails" somewhere squeezed, do not clean it. Wait until you dry out, then let's up with a sharp knife. Glue just breaks down and traces will not remain. If you try to remove it with liquid, it will only smeach and stain all around.
Installation of plastic panels on the ceiling
After the glue is dry, you can start the installation of the plastic panels themselves. You measure the size from one joint of the plinth mounted already to the other, add 1.5-1.8 cm. Such a length is cutting panels. Do not need to do them all over the width or length of the room - they will not become in profile. If the geometry of the room is perfect, you can immediately cut a lot. If there are deviations in size - do a few pieces, adjusting the length along the way. You can cut plastic with an electric bolt or a grinder.
The first panel of three sides enters the previously installed molding. She is put in spike forward - in the bar. Sometimes, if the finishing profile is made of soft plastic, the upper part (mounting shelf) begged, which creates difficulties during installation. In order for the deflection to be less, this edge can be grabbed by self-drawing. So insert the bar will be easier, otherwise you have to correct it with a spatula, installing the panel in place. It should go to the plinth or starting profile exactly along the entire length. The inserted strip is fixed to each guide self-tapping screw. For mounting to a wooden frame, you can use a stapler with brackets (if you mount in the bathroom or kitchen, then take stainless steel and galvanized stainless steel).
Installation of subsequent strips is the same. They first are installed with one edge - to molding (it enters the plinth by 6-7 mm), then insert another edge. After that, the bar is aligned, lifting the middle and eliminating the deflection by hand, stick to the edge of the palm, driving the castle in the groove. You do not need great efforts, only to the village tightly. You will see below that there is no crack with the junction, which means the band is normal.
If there is an assistant, it supports the installed panel so that it does not fall out, while fixing the screws (brackets). If you work one, the provisis can be eliminated by placing small pieces of bilateral scotch. They will hold the bar until you fasten it. So collect all the panels.
During the installation process, do not forget to cut holes for the installation of lamps. You can do it by a balloque or an annular nozzle, you can try the jigsaw, but if you have a well-own tool and you can make a circular hole. As it turned out, you can derive the usual drill with a thin drill ... How? Look in the video. There is still a couple of delometric councils.
By installing the strip or stripes in which there is a hole for a luminaire, you will immediately mount it, connect and check. If this is not immediately done, then problems may arise: how can you connect the wires if the entire ceiling is already assembled? Just disassemble it part. And if you planted the last lane for glue? We'll have to break. Therefore, we install and check the performance immediately.
Installing the last panel
Most of all the difficulties occur when installing the last strip. It usually has to be trimmed. Measure the actual distance from one side of the ceiling and on the other. The difference can be a few centimeters. There is nothing unusual or difficult in this. But hereby there are two options:
- Cropped strip is simply inserted into the glued starting profile or plastic plinth. With a sufficient width of the panel it is possible. But then from the measured distance you need to take about 5-7 mm and so cut off the strip. Otherwise you do not insert it. And so it has to carefully correct something thin (steel spatula) so that it becomes in place. After a few attempts, it still turns out ... But in addition to the difficulties with the installation there is another disadvantage here: after a while, since the string is shorter, it moves down (plunges more in molding) and a small slot appears in the ceiling.
- The second option is to glue the strip. Then, cutting off the last panel, postpone the distance measured earlier on the ceiling as it is. And not from the beginning of the panel itself, and from the stubborn plank. Then it is in pure form glue to "liquid nails". Only the glue is not applied to the strip, but on all guides. And the one that is along the wall, and perpendicular to laying (to which they were attached to self-drawing). Further, the technology is the same: put it, put it, set back for a few minutes, and then finally installed. The disadvantage of this method is a non-removable strip. It will need to break it if necessary. Therefore, leave another one in stocks - just in case.
Installation of plastic ceiling from PVC panels is almost over. It remains to install the latest plastic plinth. It is first cutting off the mounting plan: leave only the plinth. After it, too, in the corners cut under 45 °, trying to try it exactly. Having tried again and making sure that the size is faithful, the plinth is smeared with glue, only both shelves are already: and the one that will be glued to the ceiling, and that that sticks to the wall.
Sealing cracks acrylic
Actually, installation is completed. But sometimes there is another operation: the molding of all the gaps is white acrylic. This operation is not needed if you bought high-quality panels that have perfect geometry - French and Belgian. After their assembly, there is no need for correction: there are no savings that are formed due to the fact that the panels are uneven. Otherwise, we take an acrylic sealant, insert a tube into a mounting gun, and fill all the gaps and gaps. Usually these are joints and angles, and the place of the compound of plastic plinth with the ceiling. Often, the cracks are so many that you have to go around the entire perimeter.
Fill out the cracks with small sections of 30-40 cm, removing everything too much and equalizing the seam. Acrylic is well levels, until it grabbed, and this is a few seconds. Therefore, they smeared the piece, corrected. If everything is fine, smear on. You can clean the extra acrylic with a soft cloth, but sometimes it is more convenient for your finger - for some reason it turns out. By savoring a piece, take an object with a sharp and smooth edge (a small spatula) and a wet sponge. Surplus the smelings are smoothly cut off with a sharp corner of the spatula, then wear everything with a wet sponge, to a pure state, otherwise it is not sweat. So go through the entire perimeter and leave to dry for 8-12 hours.
After acrylic gets dry, it can get into the seam. You have to take a tube again and fill out the appeared slits, rub, clean the surplus and wash off the smeared. This, the second time, usually happens the finish. After drying and this layer, there are divorces on the plastic ceiling. They wipe them with a damp pure sponge and then carefully rub the soft cloth to the brilliance. Now the ceiling of plastic panels is ready, and after installing the lamps, you can consider the repair ended.
How to fix the ceiling
If the ceiling is already even and in the level correction does not need the level, plastic panels can be fixed directly on it. The order of work is the same: first the starting profile, then the sliced bands are inserted into it, fastening at least 50 cm.
Fasteners choose depending on the material from which the overlap is made. You can beat the carnations or staple brackets to the tree. Comprehensible with concrete: the screws will not go, but to drill a hole for each attachment under a dowel. Then it is better to collect a frame with a minimum indent from the ceiling and then collect everything as described above.
Another option is to glue on liquid nails. The technology is known, and the minus it is that such a ceiling of plastic panels is discernted and will have to be removed completely.
Lamps in the ceiling of plastic panels
It will not be about design or quantity - here everyone is determined by itself, but about the type of lamps and power supply. There are two options: to establish conventional lamps on 220 V or with a downstream transformer on 12 V. In the first version, there are conventional incandescent lamps or housekeeping, in the second - halogen or LED. In any case, a separate machine with a UzO must be selected on the lighting of the bathroom or kitchen, which will turn off the supply of electricity with a short circuit.
Features of the installation and selection of lamps on 220 V
If installing the lamps by 220 V, and to put in them at least low-power (40-60 W) of incandescent lamps, we will have to somehow take care of the thermal insulation of the case. Due to the fact that the lamp heats, its body is also very heated. From the heated plastic body, the plastic darkens and is breached. Therefore, on the housing, glue a layer of some flexible thermal insulation material.
The second point concerns the electrical safety when working in lighting at 220 V. In the bathroom, it is necessary to put lamps with a high degree of protection: not lower than IP44. This means that the lamp housing is being protected from entering water jets. Such lamps are a lot: the technologies are complex. The second point: for the most part, they are quite cumbersome, since the body is usually ceramic. Just hang it on plastic will not work: you will need mortgages. They are installed when assembling the frame: these are additional jumpers in those places where the lamps will be attached.
Halogen and led
Since the lamps of this type requires only 12 V, the electrical safety requirements are here below. In principle, any design is suitable. Powered from the shield after the machine is fed to the transformer, and from it - on the lamps. From one transformer, you can power up to 4 lamps, but the instructions for them have a limit: the maximum length of the wire to the lamp should not exceed 2 meters. Lamps work normally and at a distance of 2.5-2.7 meters. With a greater drop in voltage, there is already a significant and glow is weaker.
If you decide to improve the security to put a transformer outside the bathroom, it is a serious separation, especially if the bathroom is rather big. Then it will have to be transferred to the bathroom and hide behind the suspended ceiling of plastic panels (the thickness of the device of about 3-4 cm).
Sometimes there is a transformer on each lamp. This is normal, just more expensive, but with a large distance between the lamps justified.
PVC profile is practical, easy to install and costs cheaper than the overwhelming majority of alternative finishing materials. The range of its color palette and invoice over time is only increasing and products are available to harmoniously fit into almost any modern interior.
Selection of panels on the ceiling
For trimming ceiling in most cases, light single-type plastic is used, for example, white or close in color. As for the invoice, matte or glossy options are available, as well as panels with inserts that imitate metal shine.
Sewing the ceiling is most appropriate to glossy plastic. The brilliant surface visually makes the room somewhat higher, spacious and thanks to reflective properties - lighter, which allows you to install less powerful lamps or use fewer quantities.
In addition to the colors and PVC textures, the profile is conventionally separated on the ceiling and wall. Ceiling features a smaller surface layer thickness and panels in general. It is not so durable, but also weighs less, which positively affects the supporting structure. Wall plastic is quite suitable for the ceiling cladding, but it is inappropriate, as it is more expensive, and there is little of its mechanical strength in this area.
The panels are sufficient, outwardly resembling lining. Their width is usually small (100 -120 mm), and the slice of the profile corresponds to the wooden samples. Because of this, the surface, covered with such material, is also called the rush (due to external similarity).
The ceiling is more often used seamless profile. This is mostly wide panels (200-250 mm), the assembly junction between which is practically not noticeable, which results in achieve a solid smooth plane.
PVC panels are fixed either on a pre-assembled frame (cable), or directly on the draft ceiling.
The first option is more preferable - it is simpler, and as a result, the finish is better. In addition, when installing without a frame, it is quite difficult to use mortise lamps and put communication.
In general, the installation of crates and plastic panels is quite simple - does not require high qualifications of the builder, serious professional skills or special equipment.
For the assembly of the frame and the subsequent installation of PVC profile, the following tools will be needed:
- Roulette, kitchen, simple pencil or marker, for marking on the ceiling, rail and plastic panels.
- Tool for end cutting wood. The perfect option - electric saw, the electrolovka is also suitable or acute hacksaw.
- Drill, screwdriver, perforator. In most cases, a single shock electric drill, but difficulties may occur when drilling a concrete ceiling. In such situations it is better to use a perforator.
- Scissors for metal or machine Grinding angular (Bulgarian, preferably small). This tool is necessary for cutting a galvanized profile, and the plastic panels are conveniently cutting.
- Level. For the ceiling markup around the perimeter it is better to use a water (hose) level, if there is no construction, a construction bubble level is suitable (preferably a length of at least 1 meter).
- Rule. It will be needed in the process of mounting the transverse frameworks for controlling their location in the same plane. It can also be used during the installation of the profile around the perimeter together with the construction level.
It will also need a hammer, pliers, a silicone gun, a knife, a spatula, a stepladder (stool or table).
Metallic profile or wooden bars are most often used for the construction of the crates. Next, let us dwell on each version.
How to make a crate of bars
Installation of a wooden crate is desirable to perform at some distance (3-5 cm) from the capital ceiling.
This will make it possible to make a trim as smooth as possible, as well as avoid difficulties with the gasket of communications and the installation of lighting devices. The manufacture of such a frame implies the use of brackets that can be made independently or acquire galvanized P-shaped suspensions (used for framework frames from the profile).
The most suitable cross-section of the rail for the wooden cage on the ceiling - 20x40 mm, less frequently used 15x40 mm. Applying material thicker 20 mm is inappropriate, as the mass of panels, even wall, is relatively small.
An important factor is the humidity of wooden bars. To accurately determine it without the use of special equipment will not work, in such cases, they are focused on the mass of the product, in addition, the humidity excessive for the frame will be noticeable to the touch.
In addition to humidity, you should pay attention to the color of wood. There should be no bluish or brown divorces on the rail - this indicates the presence of fungal formations and the initial stage of rotting, which can significantly reduce the life of the structure.
The bar must also be relatively smooth in the same plane. We are not talking about calibrated dry products, as such products at the price exceeds a galvanized profile. For the crate, the rake with a drop in a thickness of 1-2 mm (as a rule, such a material visually looks smooth).
The construction of the fraud from the bar includes the following steps:
- Marking. With the help of water level on the walls around the perimeter of the room, the location of the frame in height is marked. For this procedure, you can also use the usual bubble level, but the accuracy will be less.
- Installation of timber (guides) around the ceiling perimeter. According to the markup, made at the first stage, the rake is attached along all walls (with a wide face parallel to the ceiling). During the installation, it is desirable to double-check the accuracy of the level, as well as using the rule to control the smooth attachment of the guides. The fixation of the bar is performed either on the suspensions, or directly to the rough ceiling. The method of fastening depends on the material from which the base is made: if it is a concrete slab, it will have to drill it, score a dowel and then mount the suspension by self-reserves; In the wooden overlap of the screws can be spinned without prior preparation. The distance between the mount depends on the thickness of the timing used, but should not exceed 60 cm.
- Installation of transverse elements of the crate. The ends of the transverse bars are made flush with the front side of the guides. Fixation is performed by the method described in the second paragraph. In the process of installation, it is necessary to monitor the front side of the entire rail to be located in the same plane, for which it is convenient to use the rule. It is applied to a pre-fixed bruster and watch whether there are gaps. In the presence of irregularities, the position of the timber is regulated by the suspensions (if used) or gaskets (wooden wedges, pieces of fiberboard, MDF or tight plastic). The distance between the centers of the transverse elements should be no more than 50 cm.
It should be remembered that the plastic panels are located perpendicular to the transverse rail. This must be taken into account in the initial design of the crate and the calculation of the material, in particular the PVC profile consumption. Sewing the balcony ceiling (4x1.2 m) is more rationally in across, since the length of plastic panels is 2.4 m, 3 m or 6 m.
How to make a galvanized profile crate
This option is somewhat simpler, as you have to work with an even profile, from which you can quickly collect high-quality design. All that will need is CD-60, UD-27 profile, galvanized P-shaped brackets and fasteners.
Plastic panels are fixed to galvanized design using a press washer with a drill or glue (liquid nails).
Installation of plastic profile
After completion of the frame assembly, you can start mounted plastic. The process begins with the installation of starting profiles. They are fixed by P-figurative: from the side of the wall with which it is planned to start the trim and from two sides.
In the case of the ceiling, either start-up molding, or ceiling.
Installation is performed directly to the guides. To do this, the distance between the walls is measured first, then molding is cut in accordance with the dimensions. If it is a ceiling profile, it must be kept at an angle of 45 °; The usual starting - you can cut perpendicularly, after which you can dock.
Fixation to the crate is performed by self-drawing or glue. In the first case, there is some deformation of the profile due to the pressure of the self-press, but in most cases everything is aligned when installing panels. Fastening on glue - the option is more time-consuming, it requires more time and a certain skill, but the result looks better.
After installing moldings, you can start the installation of panels. First, the distance between the internal edges of the starting profiles located near the opposite walls is measured. By this distance, 2-3 cm are added (depends on the depth of the starting). As a result, the cut panel should be a little (3-5 mm) in short, than the distance between the walls. If it will drop a little, waves are formed on the ceiling (or immediately or with time).
The first panel is installed thorns and fixed on the side of the groove to the crate with self-drawers (press-washer 15mm long).
Wooden bars can be mounted in a stapler, galvanized or stainless braces, but this option is less reliable.
Subsequent panels are inserted into the grooves of the previous one, gently fell up to a dense landing and fixed as well as the first.
Installing the finishing panel is most complex and most often performed in two ways:
- If the starting profile is already fixed, the final strip of plastic must be cut in such a way that it is approximately 1 cm than the distance from the edge of the previous panel to the wall. Then it is sent to the starting profile (the process is quite nervous, it will take a thin object of the type of spatula or square). After that, plastic put forward from the starting the same subtle object until the spike is wielding into the groove.
- If the starting profile is not fixed, the plastic strip is cut across the width almost clearly in size (1-2 mm input), after which this starting profile is put on it, and then everyone assembled to the crate on the glue.
The disadvantage of the first method is that over time, the last plank is moved back to the starting and the gap is formed (which, in principle, it is not difficult to eliminate the spatula or the coal). In the second case, to disassemble the plastic trim, the glued element will have to break.
After the end of the installation work, the quality of the adjoins of start-up moldings should be checked and in case of detection of the cracks to shock them with acrylic. In the process of sealing, it is necessary to neatly apply a smelter (this uses a silicone gun), and its excess to wipe in a wet sponge. After drying, the procedure may have to be repeated, since the shrinkage acrylic leads to the manifestation of defects.
Wiring and lighting
When assembling the suspended crate on the P-shaped brackets with the gasket of communications, there are no difficulties.
In addition, if the distance from the main ceiling is at least 8 cm, you can use high lamps with interchangeable lamps. If the rail is screwed directly to the ceiling, it will have to stick it (at least in the places of crossing the timber and wiring), and the choice of lighting devices is limited by thin LED models.
Installing spotlights are needed in the process of mounting panels, while it is desirable to immediately check their operation so that you do not have to solve the problems that have arisen after the end of the trim.
When choosing lighting, it is not necessary to purchase devices with incandescent lamps, as they are heated during work, from which the plastic turns yellow and slightly deform.
Actually, the insertion is performed by the electric drill with the help of special crowns.
You can also use the jigsaw with a shallow piloc, however, it will take some ability to own this tool. It is possible to make a hole in other ways, for example, a narrow knife, the main thing is to correctly evaluate your skills in order not to damage the plastic and not to be injured.
When using chandeliers and other suspended luminaires, take care of the place of their attachment. Make it needed at the stage of the facility. So for massive chandeliers, an additional bookmark from the rail or galvanized profile is mounted. The main thing is that this element is rigidly fixed on the main ceiling.
Video instructions for installing a ceiling of PVC panels: