Headache

Maltseva Marina Arnoldna

Maltseva Marina Arnoldna

Neurologist, specialist in the field of extrapyramidal pathologies, doctor of the highest category

Shabunina Ekaterina Mikhailovna

Shabunina Ekaterina Mikhailovna

Neurologist, 2 category

Headache - Frequent symptom, which manifests itself during pregnancy. During this period, it is worth paying special attention to well-being, since the state of the mother is reflected on the proper development of the fetus. Acute pains may be a consequence of insufficient blood circulation, as well as diseases of the internal organs, lifestyle or external environmental factors. Specialists of the Clinical Institute of the Brain argue that each case should be examined separately. Despite the fact that this symptom is often not considered a reason to appeal to a doctor, it can signal the dangerous violations. Only the full diagnosis will allow you to identify violations in time and begin the treatment of headaches.

1. Possible causes of headaches during pregnancy

1.1 in the first trimester

1.2 in the second trimester

1.3 in the last trimester

2. Headache treatment methods

Possible causes of headaches during pregnancy

Headaches are manifested by more than a third of women during pregnancy, most patients did not complain about similar symptoms. If discomfort occurs against the background of fatigue accompanies toxicosis, it will pass simultaneously with other clinical signs. Special danger represent cases in which headache occurs simultaneously with nausea and vomiting, blood pressure jumps, a decrease in visual acuity and even fainting. All of these factors should be a reason to appeal to the doctor, since they can influence the normal development of the fetus.

The causes of headaches in pregnant women may differ. The doctors of the Clinical Institute of the Brain will be able to pre-define them already on the primary inspection. This will require information on the conditions of pain, its duration, character and localization, as well as the conditions for its disappearance. The most frequent reason is a migraine. Under this term, they understand the sharp, pulsating pain, which arises suddenly and spreads half or the entire surface of the head. It is accompanied by nausea, dizziness, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the visual apparatus. The predisposing factors to its appearance can become:

  • sharp change in temperature and humidity, weather change;
  • nervous stress, stressful situations;
  • chronic fatigue, lack of normal sleep and wake mode;
  • Prolonged impact of trigger factors, including bright light or loud sounds.

Another kind - This is a voltage headache (GBN) . This is a condition that is characterized by local painful sensations that begin in the occipital or frontal fraction, and then apply to the entire surface of the head. They can be of different intensity, but do not cause nausea - in this and consists of their main difference from migraine. Their cause often becomes emotional stress and stress, as well as excessive physical or mental load. Pain in most cases arises after awakening and gradually enhanced during the day. Its duration is from 30 minutes to several days, but it is easily fastened with painkillers.

Cluster headaches (KGB) - This is a separate variety. They manifest themselves with good health, without a visible reason, can continue from 15-20 minutes to an hour. They are sharp, pulsating, localized at a certain point and do not apply to the entire surface of the head. Their characteristic feature is frequency. Such pains may arise several times a day or a week, but with equal intervals.

Headaches during pregnancy are also associated with the following states:

  • hormonal disorders and natural changes;
  • diseases associated with blood pressure jumps;
  • Toxicosis of pregnant women and associated dehydration;
  • Incorrect meals with a predominance of oily or sweet food, as well as a not enough complete diet;
  • Increased air gas supply, long stay in the stuffy room.

Headaches may also be symptoms of solar chronic diseases that are exacerbated during pregnancy. Hypertension, intracranial pressure changes, vascular pathologies - all these problems can manifest itself, since the body is experiencing significant loads. It is also worth understanding that the solar cranopy and brain herbs that have long ceased to disturb the patient may become the cause of headaches during pregnancy.

In the first trimester

Headaches in the first trimester of pregnancy - frequent phenomenon. In the body of a woman there are significant changes to which he still has to be adapted. Among the reasons that may cause headaches in early pregnancy, can be allocated:

  • An increase in the total blood volume in the vessels - it creates additional pressure, it causes a stretching of vascular walls;
  • increasing the concentration of hormones (estrogen, progesterone), which can cause vascular tone fluctuations;
  • Correction of lifestyle and nutrition, refusal of some products and bad habits - these changes also require the adaptation period;
  • Early toxicosis is the reaction of immune mechanisms on the fruit.

Early is toxicosis, which occurs until 12-13 weeks. During this period, pregnancy occurs more often without clinical manifestations, but some women complain of headache, nausea and general weakness. This reaction is caused by the response of the immune system to form the fetus. Normally, there is a blocking of some mechanisms that perceive it as an alien protein, but this process can also be accompanied by headache and discomfort.

In the second trimester

The second trimester of pregnancy is less dangerous period. Some women still complain about toxicosis and other side effects, but, in general, the adaptation mechanisms are already enough formed. If headaches begin to occur during this period, it is worth paying attention to the well-being - a symptom can signal about dangerous violations. These include:

  • Glaucoma - a group of diseases under which an increase in intraocular pressure is observed;
  • Sinusitis - inflammatory processes in the apparent sinuses of the nose;
  • inflammation of the brain and its shells;
  • Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - a disease that manifests itself with a decrease in metabolic processes in hyaline cartilage and its gradual destruction, which leads to squeezing the nerves and vessels;
  • Diseases of the kidneys and urinary system - the cause of the accumulation of excess fluid in the body.

Not every case of headaches must cause concern. If discomfort lasts 5 days and more, accompanied by a decrease in visual acuity by either the rigidity of the muscles of the backbone, it is worth directing to the doctor. In other cases, the symptom may be a consequence of overwork or physical stress, lack of a day.

In the last trimester

In the last trimension of pregnancy, headaches can develop in some, including physiological, reasons. An increase in body weight leads to an increase in the bends of the spinal column. In such a state, the risk of squeezing blood vessels, which carry blood saturated with oxygen in the brain is increasing. The result of such a state is tissue hypoxia, which manifests itself by a deterioration of general well-being and headache. In addition, a decrease in the level of physical activity also causes deterioration in blood circulation. Even in the third trimester it is worth paying attention to light physical activity.

In some cases, the headache is caused by nervous stress and stress associated with the upcoming births. The emotional state of the mother should remain stable, otherwise it may affect the proper development of the fetus. However, such headaches are considered the least dangerous - they are not associated with serious internal disorders and are treated with conservative methods.

Late toxicosis (Gesters) is a complication of pregnancy. Nausea, swelling, headaches on the third trimester can not be considered an option for the norm. In addition, this condition can threaten both the health of the mother and the development of the fetus in the last stages. You can diagnose with three characteristic symptoms:

  • the appearance of edema;
  • hypertension;
  • The presence of protein in the urine.

Gestoses can be associated with the insufficiency of the urinary system and kidney disease. Nephropathy can be diagnosed to significantly increase blood pressure - this symptom may be absent during pregnant women.

One of their most dangerous manifestations of late toxicosis is eclampsia. This is a rare form, which is manifested by convulsive cuts of muscles and loss of consciousness in response to any stimulus. They may become a flash of light or a loud sound. Preeclampsia is less dangerous condition, but it can also harm the health of the mother and child. It proceeds without convulsive syndrome, and its main symptoms become acute headache, dizziness, feeling of gravity in the forehead area and in the occipital part. In addition, during the attack, there is a violation of sight: a paddle appears in front of the eyes, different points, in some cases - temporary blindness. Additionally, there are complaints of nausea and vomiting, pain in the right hypochondrium. In such cases, pregnancy should proceed in a hospital, so that the doctors can relieve convulsions and remove intoxication without harm to the health of mother and fetus.

Headache treatment methods

Doctors of the Clinical Institute of the Brain argue - Headache is dangerous. At the same time, hypoxia and necrosis of nervous cells are gradually developing. However, medication methods cannot be completely harmless - a list of drugs permitted during pregnancy is rather narrow and eliminating potent means. Doctors of the Clinical Institute of the Brain offer a simple list of rules that will help get rid of light headaches.

  1. Massage - one of the best ways to relax tense muscles, establish blood flow and restore metabolic processes in tissues. In this case, it is necessary to massage not only the points of the head in which soreness occurs. It is better to contact a specialist and go through a common course of massage.
  2. Compresses - one way to quickly remove pain. To do this, you can use the cutting of the fabric moistened in cold water, or attach ice cubes. The cold action should not be long, 5-10 minutes are enough. Such compresses tone vessels and have an analgesic effect.
  3. Abundant drink - it is better to choose a simple water or green tea. Even if the swelling of the limbs is observed, this is not a reason to abandon the use of fluid.
  4. Medicines - they must be taken only with the permission of the doctor. There are painkillers permitted during pregnancy. These include paracetamol derivatives (but-shpa, efferralgan). Aspirin, analgin and their analogues during this period are not recommended.

When a light headache appears, time to relax. Next, it is recommended to ventilate the room, get rid of the sources of any sharp odors. Hiking in a comfortable pace can help establish blood circulation and relieve headaches. At home it is worth trying to fall asleep - in most cases discomfort disappears immediately after awakening.

For proper treatment, it is necessary to undergo a full diagnosis. All conditions for its holding are in the Clinical Institute of the Brain. Doctors annually take a huge number of women with headaches during pregnancy caused by various reasons.

Headache during pregnancy can occur even in a healthy woman. However, the incorrect lifestyle, overeating, the presence of chronic diseases or old injuries increase the likelihood of this symptom. The clinical institution of the brain specializes in the treatment of headaches caused by any pathologies. There are all conditions for full-fledged diagnostics and the possibility of observing patients under a hospital.

Clinical Institute of Brain

Rating: 4/five - 9Votes

Share Articles on Social Networks

Programs:

Other articles on the topic:

Many women are experiencing headaches during pregnancy. Below we will tell about what reasons she can arise and how to get rid of it, without causing harm to himself and the child. By the way, the treatment of headaches in the first, second and third trimesters can differ significantly.

Why is the head of the head during pregnancy: the main reasons

With Cefalgia (headache) during pregnancy, each fifth woman is familiar - the statistics says so. Most often, Cefalgia makes itself felt in the first trimester, although some pregnant women suffer from her at later. There are so many different reasons for headaches - ranging from insignificant and temporary problems to serious chronic pathologies. Let's try to figure it out - why the head may hurt during pregnancy and what needs to be done.

The main causes of headaches during pregnancy are:

  • Changes in hormonal background, which are absolutely natural for the body of pregnant; At the same time, the level of estrogen and the hormone of pregnant progesterone increases, which affects the tone of the vessels; If the level of estrogen (in particular, the estriot) increases beyond the limits of the norm, this may cause vessel spasms, as indicated by headache and dizziness;
  • Reaction to atmospheric weather phenomena: with magnetic storms, cloud weather on the eve of rain or snow can occur blood pressure; With its sharp decrease or increase and headaches arise;
  • Strong loads and overwork;
  • stress or emotional experiences;
  • Hunger or thirst;
  • finding in stuffy or poorly sprocket rooms;
  • Sleep problems: it can be both insomnia, and too long (more than 10 hours) sleep;
  • Disorders of the posture due to overpressive body, volume stomach during pregnancy (as a rule, such a problem occurs in late terms);
  • consumption of certain products, especially - containing caffeine (strong tea, coffee, large portion of chocolate);
  • Some states and diseases: Vegeth-vascular dystonia, viral diseases (flu, ORVI), toothache, osteochondrosis and other pathologies arising in cervical vertebrae.

How and when a headache may appear in pregnant

Cefalgia can manifest itself in the most different sensations: some of them will resemble sharp and sharp pain, some kind of stupid or new. Depending on the symptoms, it is possible to guess what caused pain.

  • Pain that arises due to voltage It is distinguished by monotony: it is a difficult feeling that the head is strongly pulled by the bandage. With such a pain, there is a stressful state in the neck and nape (you can put these places and clearly determine where the pain points are located), as well as in the zones and eyes. Such a state may be accompanied by nausea, but without vomiting. Discomfort is usually felt for half an hour, maximum - two hours. The cause of stress pain becomes either banal fatigue - physical or intellectual, or strong stress, accompanied by nervous exhaustion.
  • Migraine It has a special difference from other types of headaches - with it there is a pulsation in a certain part of the head, severity and pressure in the eye area. In this case, often arise not just problems with vision, but even hallucinations (visual or auditory). If you try to move a little to get rid of the symptoms, then their manifestation will increase. Sometimes migraine may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Symptoms are held for quite a long time: from a few hours to several days. The cause of migraine is irritation of nervous plexuses and nodes in the neck and head. It may arise due to pathologies in the cervical separator, diseases of the brain vessels, problems arising in the zone of the apparent nasal sinuses.
  • Vascular headache , as well as migraine, is distinguished by ripples in a certain part of the head - the occipital, temporal, dark. The cause of such pain may be jumps of blood pressure, vegetative-vascular dystonia, the problems of the functioning of the cardiovascular system. With hypertension of the brain vessels, spasms are narrowed and experiencing, as a result of which the pain symptom occurs. If a woman is experiencing a hypertensive crisis, then it may have other symptoms - a formation in the zone of the nasolabial triangle, a feeling of gravity in the head, weakness. The noise in the ears and nausea point to the vascular spasms arising in the brain.

Headache

How to get rid of symptoms of headaches caused by voltage

During pregnancy, it is necessary to very carefully choose possible ways to eliminate pain syndrome, and it is better to use the trees on a vegetable basis.

  • Valerian's infusion or tablets: You can apply this tool in case of headache resulting from stress, overwork, nervous voltage, insomnia.
  • There are special plaster-compresses from medicinal herbs headache, they may contain various extracts or their mixes: for example, lavender oils, menthol, eucalyptus. The plasters are usually safe for the fetus, since their components do not penetrate the bloodstream system of pregnant. Usually they have a cooling effect. To use the patch, it is necessary to stick it into the dry skin into the pain area (for example, on the forehead, the temporal or cervical part), but it is better to remove the hair from the gluing area. Hold a plaster from a headache for six hours, not longer, but apply one product once.
  • If you know exactly what plant can help you from headaches and will not cause an allergic reaction, you can use it with essential oil added to the aromalamp. It is well suited for such a goal of mint oil, lemon, lavender and eucalyptus, which, besides well remove the symptoms of toxicosis.

What if the headache is caused by narrowing or extending the vessels?

If the headache arose as a result of hypertension, then the main goal should be the narrowing of blood vessels: this will help to achieve a cold compress, supplied on the forehead zone or the occipital part of the neck. You can keep such a compress for no more than 20 minutes. If you need to repeat the procedure, then this can be done in 10 minutes.

On headache, resulting from hypotension, can be affected by a hot compress to expand blood vessels. By the way, if your pregnancy proceeds accompanied by hypotension, then try to hurt enough and is in moderation, in small portions. If the hypotonic crisis found you indoors or at home, take a horizontal position and put a hot compress on the forehead, and if it is impossible, then drink a cup of fastening coffee.

And hypertensive, and hypotoniki preferably in the morning and in the evening take a contrast shower: it will simultaneously tone the skin and vessels, as well as lead blood pressure to normal.

Products capable of helping pregnant when headaches

Good pregnancy of cephalgia during pregnancy is dietary food. If you have migraines to be strong and often arise, then try more carefully to draw up your diet. It is likely that it is the imbalance in the menu and the use of some products provoke your headache.

What products may cause headaches during pregnancy:

  • fruits citrus (mandarins, oranges), avocado, bananas;
  • Menu of Chinese cuisine;
  • liver dishes (pork, beef, chicken);
  • Melted cheese.

In addition, imbalance in nutrition and as a result - migraine may occur during starvation, strict dietary diet. If a nutritionist did not appoint you a special menu during pregnancy, do not conduct experiments with the health of the fetus and its own. Try to eat so that all the necessary trace elements and vitamins are present in your diet.

If you are trying to keep the diet for maintaining normal body weight, then a more competent approach will draw up a menu from low-calorie products. You can eliminate flour, sweet, canned, fatty and smoked products, and add fresh vegetables and fruits, fermented milk products (yogurt, kefir, prostroprious), whole grain products, porridge on the water.

The rational nutrition is important for those who cause headaches are vascular problems, since fried and smoked dishes reduce the tone of the vessels and enhance the production of "harmful" cholesterol, which becomes the cause of oxygen starvation and vascular spasms. Therefore, canned, sausage and fast food dishes are generally excluded from use during pregnancy.

Headache

Is it possible to use medicinal drugs with headaches?

Yes, some drugs can be applied during pregnancy, and they will help eliminate the symptoms of headaches. However, you should not do an independent choice - it is better to ask for advice to the therapist or a gynecologist so that the doctor chosen the drug from the list, which will not harm or the child nor you.

Yes, some drugs can be applied during pregnancy, and they will help eliminate the symptoms of headaches. However, you should not do an independent choice - it is better to ask for advice to the therapist or a gynecologist so that the doctor chosen the drug from the list, which will not harm or the child nor you.

  • Glycine: It will be useful for those who are characterized by the instability of the nervous system, often worries on trifles, who are forced to experience stress and psycho-emotional tension at work, as well as those who feel signs of depression, unstable mood. Glycine will help with signs of vegetual-vascular dystonia, with increased mental loads, insomnia. If your headaches arise because of some kind of above, you can take glycine for prevention in doses allowed during pregnancy.
  • In the period of the second and third trimester, after consulting with a doctor for headaches, paracetamol can sometimes be taken. But in the first trimester it is not recommended to be taken (although clinical studies have not confirmed that this remedy negatively affects the state of the fetus). From all available forms, choose not tablets, but rectal suppositories: as a rule, they contain a reduced dosage of the active substance. Prefer child suppositories (as a rule, they are allowed for babies from three months).
  • Those who are experiencing a headache under reduced pressure, sometimes cytramon can be taken. However, remember that the preparation contains not only paracetamol, but also caffeine, and aspirin, so more than one tablet per day is contraindicated, because it can affect the state of the fetus.
  • Certifying the pulsating pain in the temporal and occipital head of the head will help the preparation of a but-shp or doll (means identical to but-sipes in composition). These painkillers help with strong headaches, with osteochondrosis and migraines, and also remove pain at stress and stressful states.
  • When the headache is a consequence of a cold or viral disease, it is possible to use the same tools to remove symptoms that are recommended for young children - Nurofen, Ibuprofen, paracetamol. These symptomatic means simultaneously get rid of pain and are antipyretic. They will put the body temperature, get rid of the screams and spasms. Carefully read the instructions for drugs, some of them have contraindications: in particular, with anemia, renal and liver failure, the use of paracetamol is contraindicated. But even if you have no contraindications, you should not exceed the daily rate allowed during pregnancy, as well as renew the removal of symptoms more than three days. If, after this period, headaches and other symptoms do not reduce their acute, urgently consult a doctor. The reception of the nooofen and ibuprofen is allowed for pregnant women only in the second trime, and at earlier time, these symptomatic means are prohibited.

As long as you are pregnant, all these nine months try to watch your own health. So, when choosing a symptomatic agent, you always carefully read the full text of the instruction on the liner to the drug, look for a place in the text, where it is said about the possibility or prohibit reception during pregnancy. Remember that not only many drugs, but also plant products, including herbs and essential oils, can be dangerous to your health or fetal development. Therefore, if you cope with the headache with the help of aromatherapy sessions or a collar zone massage - it is better to eliminate pain syndrome with their help and without the use of pharmaceutical preparations. And if still the need for the preparation originated - be sure to consult with a gynecologist or therapist before accepting something.

Home therapy Headache during pregnancy

Sometimes it is enough to create a certain atmosphere at home or make a simple procedure to get rid of the headache resulting from overvoltage. We give several recommendations that can help you cope with unpleasant symptoms.

  • Well ventilate the room and, if possible, stay in the cool room alone with you and your future baby. Sit in a convenient position, leaning around either on the wall or on the back of the sofa. Turn off the light and delay the dense curtains. Turn on the relaxing music (it can be the natural sounds - the rustle of foliage, the noise of the surf, etc.) and try to relax alternately every part of your body, starting with the stop. Try to send your breath into the foot, feel the energy waves in the zones of stop and palms. Sit in such a relaxed state for at least 10 minutes. Then, the palms are well different and then "will" them several times, and then - carefully scroll the bioactive points on the ears, the occipient part of the neck, massage the forehead. Now it's good to miss the feet - try to walk through each zone, forgetting the heels and places on which Natoptyshs are formed.
  • Some of how to cope with Cefalgia helps the stay in the dark quiet room - especially if the bright or simply daylight acts on the eye annoying, provoking the attack of headaches. Such states can often occur in the first trimester, then they pass on their own.
  • Take a warm shower and wash the hair with warm water, at the end you can make a contrasting shower in the ICR zone and ankles. Brew tea with chamomile and mint, if you have hypertension, with hypotension - drink black tea with sugar.
  • Take a warm shower and wash the hair with warm water, at the end you can make a contrasting shower in the ICR zone and ankles. Brew tea with chamomile and mint, if you have hypertension, with hypotension - drink black tea with sugar.

Migraine during pregnancy

Migraine is a headache that can cause strong suffering from a woman. It may be so strong that vomiting arises, weakness, partial loss of vision, the woman becomes better only in a dark room, isolated from all sorts of sounds. Headache during pregnancy associated with migraine, originally arises in one part of the head.

Migraine pain can last a few hours. If they are not treated, pains can last a whole day or even two. Migraine is a fairly unpredictable disease, especially during pregnancy, so you need to establish control over it.

Causes of migraine

The exact reason that causes headaches on the type of migraine, unknown. But the doctors believe that migraine, apparently, is associated with changes in the nerve receptors, the exchange of neurochemical substances and an increased influx of blood into the brain.

Researchers believe that excessively excited brain cells stimulate the emission of chemicals. These substances irritate blood vessels located on the surface of the brain. Irritation causes blood vessels to swell and stimulate pain syndrome.

Estrogen, as doctors believes, also plays an important role in the development of migraine. That is why during pregnancy, menstruation and in the period of menopause, the lack or oversupply hormone estrogen often causes headacles.

Trusted-Source.[8], [9]

Diary of pregnant and migraine provocateurs tracking

A pregnant woman is far from always under the control of the doctor. Therefore, it is important for her to make a complete picture of his headaches. For this, experts recommend to keep a diary. It needs to record important information that will be done for a doctor a picture of migraine is clearer.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy - not the only thing that migraine can cause. Most women suffer due to a combination of stimuli, which cause headaches on the type of migraine. For example, stress, missed meals, absence or lack of sleep can cause migraine. And here's another important point: what migraine causes today can not be completely disturbed by a pregnant woman the next day.

Headache diary will help the future mom to track irritants and how pain repeats. This will help the doctor to make a decision about what treatment will work better to reduce specific pain symptoms. It will also help to recognize those stimuli, which can be avoided during pregnancy.

Every time a pregnant woman hurts, you need to record the following:

  1. Specific symptoms: where the pain is manifested, what is the character of this pain, is there other symptoms, such as vomiting or sensitivity to noise, smells, bright light
  2. When the headache begins and ends (time of day, duration)
  3. What food and drinks pregnant ate and saw for two days before migraine, were new foods in the diet
  4. Any environmental changes, such as travel, moving to a new place, change the weather,
  5. Any treatment that pregnant used herself helped whether it helped or made a headache even worse

Products that can provoke headache (migraine) in pregnant

  • Chocolate
  • Caffeine
  • Products that contain preservatives (sodium glutamate) and nitrates
  • Aspartame - Sugar substitute in chocolate, cakes and candies

Migraine diagnostics for pregnant women

Headaches caused by complications during pregnancy, the doctor will be able to better diagnose if it provides the information that was recorded in the diary. In addition, the doctor would be important to know if someone had suffered from migraine in the patient's family (Mom, Grandma).

CT and other tests that concern X-ray radiation during pregnancy are not recommended due to potential risk for the fetus.

Trusted-Source.[10], [11]

Migraine drugs in pregnant women

Headache for pregnancy treatment suggests insension. If you are pregnant or plan to get pregnant soon, the doctor will first advise you to stay away from medication. Before you take, you will have to weigh the effect of the drug on your future child.

Many drugs against migraine during pregnancy should be avoided - because they are associated with congenital defects in children. Some other medicines can negatively affect the course of pregnancy and cause a complication from a woman. For example, some of them can cause bleeding, miscarriage or intrauterine delay in the growth of the fetus - a condition in which the uterus and fruit cannot develop normally. Nonteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin, can cause the risk of bleeding and miscarriage. There is also a risk of complications of blood pressure in a child if taking anti-inflammatory and painkillers in the third trimester of pregnancy. For example, aspirin can lead to excessive blood loss of the mother during childbirth.

Ergotamines are designed specifically for the treatment of migraine. However, the headache for pregnancy treatment with these drugs is not recommended. They increase the risk of innate child defects, especially if they take them in the first trimester of pregnancy. These drugs can also stimulate the cuts in the uterus and premature labor.

But in extreme cases, to remove a headache during pregnancy, you still need to take medicine. Anesthetic, which are called analgesics, can help alleviate strong headaches during migraine. Paracetamol is considered a low risk preparation for pregnancy. Most NSPIDs, including ibuprofen and naproxen, can also help, but risks after their reception during pregnancy is difficult to calculate.

Narcotic anesthetic pregnant women should be avoided. They cause a double risk of narcotic drug addiction - both Mothers and infants, if used strong painkillers for a long time.

Relatively safe drugs for migraine during pregnancy include antidepressants (for example, amitriptyline and fluoxetine). There is another class of drugs to eliminate migraine symptoms. They are called beta-blockers, they include preparations such as propranolol, atenolol, labetalol, which are relatively safe for pregnant women.

Preventive treatment of migraine

If the future mother has severe, constantly repeating pain attacks, prophylactic treatment can remove the headache during pregnancy or reduce the symptoms of headaches. If a woman is pregnant, always worth talking to the doctor before taking any medicine or the means of traditional medicine. Migraine prevention measures include the diary of its symptoms. If you find that some factors (lifestyle, food, drinks) provoke migraine attacks, you should avoid them.

Stress headache in pregnant women

The headache of the voltage in pregnant women is manifested as pain and discomfort in the head of the head, especially the hair of it, or neck. The headache of the voltage in pregnant women is usually associated with spasms and clips of the muscles in these areas.

Causes of pain voltage in pregnant women

Head pains of stress in pregnant women may arise at any age, but most often found in women of 30-40 years.

If the headache in a pregnant woman occurs two or more times a week for several weeks or longer, it is considered chronic. Chronic daily headache can be a consequence of non-treated primary headaches.

Head stress pains can be a reaction to stress, depression, head injuries, or elevated anxiety.

Any pregnant woman who leads to the headache of tension, needs to be discussed with the doctor. Maybe a woman just should change the type of activity, and the headache will be held by itself without drugs. These classes, provoking the pain pain, can be work at a computer, work with papers, with tools requiring eye stress and neck, for example, a long-lasting look into the microscope. Sleep in a cold room or a sleep in the wrong position can also cause tension headache.

Trusted-Source.[12]

Other stress headache triggers in pregnant women include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Caffeine (too much or abruptly cancel it)
  • Cold, flu or sinusitis
  • Dental problems such as jaw compressions and teeth crossed
  • Eye tension
  • Excessive smoking
  • Fatigue or mental overvoltage

Head pains of stress in pregnant women can also arise if the woman has already experienced a migraine. Good news for pregnant women: tension headaches are not associated with brain diseases.

Symptoms of tension headache

  1. Squeezing the head, as if visets, as well as pulling headache
  2. Hurt both parts of the head
  3. It hurts only one part of the head or a certain point.
  4. Huricides the skin of the head, its top or back of the neck, pain can give in shoulders

The headache of the voltage can continue from 30 minutes to 7 days. It can be caused by stress, fatigue, noise or bright light.

Attention: Unlike migraine, headaches of stress usually do not cause nausea or vomiting.

Pregnant women with voltage headaches, as a rule, try to remove pain, massaging their heads or lower neck.

Diagnosis of tension headache in pregnant women

If the headache varies from mild to moderate, not accompanied by any other symptoms, from massage and after rash in a relaxed atmosphere, it can pass within a few hours. Then pregnant women do not need further examination. But if headaches of tension, despite the prevention, continue, need blood and urine tests, as well as examinations of the doctor and survey. It is also necessary to measure the pregnant blood pressure. Further examination will depend on the general picture of the disease - perhaps the doctor will send you to other specialists - Laura or orthopedic.

Treatment

Medicines that can facilitate the headache of the voltage include

  • Paintal, such as aspirin, ibuprofen or paracetamol
  • Anesthetic, for example, but-shpa or spasmalgon
  • Miorlaxants, such as Tizandine (only on the recommendation of the doctor)

Remember that painkillers cannot remove the headache during pregnancy, but only facilitate the symptoms for a short period of time. After a while they can no longer work. Excessive use of painkillers is greater than during the week, can lead the headaches with pregnant women.

The best medicine from headaches during pregnancy is healthy sleep, fresh air and calm.

Trusted-Source.[13], [14], [15]

Clustered headaches

Cluster headache in pregnant women is a one-sided headache that can begin greatly and continue short. Pain symptoms can constantly and disturb pregnant all over toal.

Cluster headaches are not dangerous for life and usually do not cause irreversible changes in the brain of pregnant women. Nevertheless, they are chronic and often very painful, disturbing the quality of life of a pregnant woman. Sometimes the pain head can be so strong that the woman can do nothing, it is very bad.

Trusted-Source.[16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21]

The reasons

The headaches of a cluster nature are four times more common in men than women. Nevertheless, pregnant women suffer from them in 20% of cases. Scientists do not know exactly what cluster headaches are assumed, it is assumed that this is due to the sudden emissions in the blood of hormone hormones and serotonin. The section of the brain - hypothalamus - sensitively reacts to this and transmits a pain signal through pain receptors.

Trusted-Source.[22], [23]

Causes of cluster attacks

  • Alcohol and smoking
  • Big height (for example, airfare)
  • Bright light (including sunlight)
  • Emotional tension
  • Excessive heat (hot weather, hot baths)
  • Products with high nitrite content (for example, bacon and canned meat, smoked sausage)
  • Medicine

Trusted-Source.[24], [25], [26], [27]

Symptoms of cluster headaches in pregnant women

Cluster headache begins as a strong and sudden headache. Headache most often amazes a pregnant woman in 2-3 hours after she falls asleep. However, cluster headache may occur during wakefulness. It usually manifests itself at the same time day.

Cluster headache most often occurs on one side of the head. It can be described as:

  • Burning
  • Acute
  • Sustainable
  • Pain may occur in the eyes, in the eye day, in the area around the eyes.
  • Head pain can spread on one side of the face from Neck to the temples
  • Eyes and nose on the same side as headache, can also suffer. It can be:
  • Swelling under the eyes or around the eyes (they can influence both eyes)
  • Tear
  • Red eyes
  • Rhinitis (runny nose) or unilateral nasal congestion (on the same side as a headache)
  • Flushed face

Duration and frequency of cluster headaches in pregnant women

Headaches usually last from thirty minutes to two hours, and the average headache duration is 45 minutes. Sometimes strong headaches may pass in just ten minutes, and in some rare cases, headaches can last within a few hours. The pain can quickly enhance, reaching a maximum within 5 -10 minutes.

Headaches are called so because attacks - "clusters" continue for four to eight cycles per week. The frequency of attacks varies depending on the characteristics of each pregnant. Some women experience six cases of strong headaches per day, while others are just one cluster headache per week. In 85 percent cases, headaches will disturb the pregnant woman at the same time day during the entire cycle.

Some studies show that the older woman, the greater the risks that it will suffer during pregnancy from chronic strong headaches.

Cluster headaches may occur 1 time per day for a month, alternating with periods without pain (episodic headache), or can be repeated during the entire period of pregnancy (chronic headache).

Trusted-Source.[28], [29], [30], [31], [32]

Diagnostics

Your attending physician can diagnose this type of headache by asking questions about symptoms and your overall health.

If a medical examination is carried out during an attack of pain, it will be easier to determine the nature of the occurrence.

MRI of the head may be needed in extreme cases to exclude other causes of headaches in a pregnant woman.

Treatment

During pregnancy, many pregnant drugs are taking unsafe, so the doctor may advise you to limit ourselves to anti-inflammatory pills or herbs, as well as painkillers. Accessories and aromatherapy, head massage and neck can also be used.

Pregnant can be appointed oxygen cocktails, peace, rest, healthy sleep.

Trusted-Source.[33], [34], [35], [36]

Question: "Muffed constant headaches (15 weeks), how to escape? Endocrinologist said to drink just sweet tea and drinking magnesium. Does not save. "

Replies Igor Ivanovich Guzov , obstetrician-gynecologist, Ph.D., chief physician of the CIR.

Of course, the neuropathologist is needed here in order to figure out. Any headaches during pregnancy we estimate as a factor that requires to deal with it.

Sometimes there is a transient period when the entire vascular system adapts to pregnancy. And during pregnancy, sufficiently significant hemodynamic changes inside the body of the woman occur. Because, on the one hand, the tone of vessels falls, that is, the vessels are revealed, the peripheral resistance of blood flow drops. On the other hand, the cardiac emission increases, the shock volume, minute volume, increases the pulse rate.

That is, certain vascular changes inside the body are, and against the background of some predispositions sometimes there are in 15-17 weeks of headaches.

There is a variant of such - strong coffee. Previously, it was believed that he was contraindicated. Here you already understand that in the morning you can drink a cup of good coffee, because it often removes this symptoms. And you can add aspirin in the dosage of up to 100 milligrams.

That is, strong coffee or strong tea in the morning with the addition of this small tablet aspirin to 100 milligrams - can effectively remove this headache so that it does not torment you. Because if there is a painful state that you worry, it is very bad.

And if it does not help, then in the reserve there should be a preparation paracetamol, if you take non-steroidal anti -ols. In the West, it goes like acetaminophen. Paracetamol is considered the most proven and most secure.

In regular mode, it is impossible to take it certainly. You must always consult with your doctor. If we take our obstetric and gynecological discussions, colleagues communicate with each other and share experiences, just this question often rises. If a headache or some pain arises, what can you? If we start sorting out, nothing can not!

And now we recently had such a very good discussion where doctors participated from different countries and still came to the conclusion that after all, if the drug was used, the one that is best described and which is known. This is paracetamol.

It is believed that if the patient sometimes headache, she will, let's say, will drink paracetamol, the headache will disappear. The patient, at least relax, sleep, will do something around the house and so on. Because it does not happen worse when there is no lumen, and now this headache is strengthened, it is weakened and then goes ...

That is, this is such symptomatic therapy as a strong tea or strong coffee, combined with a non-steroidal any analgesic (this may be the low-volume aspirin or a small dose of paracetamol) is quite effective in order to reduce these vascular pain. But, most importantly, do not miss some kind of hidden pathology, which may be on this background.

I would pay attention to it

The main causes of headaches during pregnancy

The main causes of headaches during pregnancy

As we have already said, headache during pregnancy is a common problem. As statistics shows, it faces more than 25% of women waiting for the birth of a child. Most often, such a pathological condition is observed in the first three months of pregnancy, but it can occur at later deadlines. Certain difficulties are also due to the fact that not all drugs aimed at relieving pain syndrome are safe for the fetus. In this case, the headache, the treatment of which is not conducted, not only brings significant discomfort of the future mother, but also may indicate a number of serious diseases.

First of all, it is necessary to distinguish between primary and secondary headache during pregnancy. The primary form is not related to any pathologies and is due to changes occurring in the body. In the secondary form, the pain syndrome is associated with certain diseases, for example, with hypertension or osteochondrosis.

One of the main reasons for the primary headaches is the hormonal restructuring of the body, especially in the first months of pregnancy. Promoting the occurrence of pain syndrome can also stress and overwork, meteo-dependence, insufficient sleep duration, large interruptions between meals. Many pregnant women impose complaints of headaches when they are in insufficiently well-ventilated premises.

In some cases, the headache during pregnancy can be provoked by even the use of certain foods, for example, containing caffeine or a large number of spices.

Very often, painful syndrome during pregnancy is associated with migraine. Distinctive features of pain will be its parietal character, one-sided localization, as well as pronounced intensity. In addition, sometimes with migraines, there is a phenomenon as an aura. Aura is a complex of disorders preceding headaches or appearing with it simultaneously. It is characterized by visual, sensitive, olfactory or any other violations.

Another common form of headaches during pregnancy is the headache of the voltage. Pain syndrome has a stupid character and covers the whole head. Its occurrence is associated with mental or physical overwork, stress.

In 2017, the results of the study of scientists from Syktyvkarian State University were published. Their goal was the clinical characteristics of cefalgia in pregnant women in the Komi Republic for the period from 2014 to 2016. According to the appeal to the neurologist. Over the years, 169 pregnant patients were registered with complaints about headaches. In 17.8% of them, pain syndrome was associated with migraine without aura, in 8.9% - with classical migraine (with aura). In 52.7% of patients, the tension headache was diagnosed, and at 13.6 - a combination of migraine with a headache of voltage.

Secondary headache is most often developed against the background of the late toxicosis. Pathological gain of body weight, hypertensive disease, degenerative-dystrophic changes in the cervical spine, inflammation of the shells of the brain, the apparent sinuses of the nose - all these and many other pathologies lead to the emergence of secondary pain syndrome.

Headache for pregnancy

Headache in pregnant

Enjoying the fetus - a large load on the body. because of This appear various unpleasant symptoms. Pregnant women often bother headaches, to get rid of which you need to find out their cause and exclude organic pathology.

Why a headache hurts

During pregnancy, all organs and systems go into reinforced work. At the same time, the future mother often experiences experiences about the future child. Against the background of this develop headaches. There are several reasons for their occurrence:

  • an increase in blood pressure - may be due to the existing chronic disease or with a fluid delay in late dates;
  • strong weight set - During pregnancy, an increase in body weight should occur gradually, observing certain norms in order to prevent too much load on the vessels, including the brain;
  • reduced blood pressure - arises due to chronic diseases or redistribution of blood from the upper bodies to the bottom: in the uterus;
  • lack of beneficial substances - The need for vitamins and minerals in pregnant women increases several times, so they are advised to accept additionally;
  • stress - Pregnant women often experience experiences due to of his condition or anxiety for the future child;
  • Chronic pathology - ORVI, osteochondrosis, kidney and eye damage can lead to an increase in pressure, temperature, or shifting of nerve endings, which provokes pain;
  • Weather change - Pregnant women often become meteurically sensitive and seriously experiencing jumps of air temperature or pressure.

To establish the cause of headaches mayor. For this, pregnant needs to come to his gynecologist and receive from him a direction for a survey or consultation of a narrow specialist.

Diagnostics

Complaints of pain in the head of the head are considered by doctors as a subjective feeling of the patient. To search for the causes of this state and purpose of competent therapy, you need to be diagnosed. If a headache is hurting during pregnancy, women are prescribed:

  • blood pressure control - allows you to notice a tendency to increase or decrease;
  • general blood analysis - will show the presence of an inflammatory or infectious process;
  • general urine analysis - will indicate the presence of the pathology of the excretory system;
  • EEG - The study of the electrical activity of the brain will allow to identify the damage to the nervous system;
  • Ultrasound of the vessels of the brain - discovers vascular pathology;
  • MRI of the cervical vertebrae (except 1st trimester) - Show osteochondrosis.

After the full examination, the doctor selects an individual treatment scheme in accordance with the pregnancy and the presence of chronic diseases. An independent purpose of drugs is unacceptable and can lead to complications.

How to facilitate the state

Pain in the head in pregnant

Pregnant women are allowed to consume a limited amount of preparations. From headaches you can take:

  • But-shp. (DROTAVERIN) - removes vessel spasms;
  • Paracetamol, Nurofen, Citramon - Reduces the temperature, has an elelgeery effect;
  • Kozoten - Reduces blood pressure.

When pain appear due to Osteochondrosis doctors advise sign up for massage Shaino-timber zones. It is safe for pregnancy and helps to remove unpleasant sensations.

Headaches often appear during pregnancy. Independent treatment may not bring the desired effect and worsen the situation! Therefore, it is worth finding out the cause of pain and select drugs along with the doctor. This will help improve well-being without risk for mom and child.

Dear patients!

Remember that to put an accurate diagnosis, identify the causes and nature of the disease, only a qualified doctor can assign efficient treatment. Sign up for reception to our specialists or call a doctor at home you can by phone 8- (4822) -33-00-33

Bear healthy and happy!

our team Professional doctors

New_default.

Vasilyev Arina Vladimirovna Record Neurologist, angiooremologist

Gavrilova Alexandra Vladimirovna Record Neurologist, psychiatrist

Dellalov Nikolai NikolayevichChisate Neurologist, manual therapist, candidate of medical sciences, doctor of the highest category

Dyachenko Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Record Neurologist

It is impossible to submit a person who has never experienced headaches. According to statistics, women experience this type of pain 20% more often than men. Specialists advise not to endure headaches, as it worsens the quality of life and reduces performance.

At the moment there is a large selection of drugs that are able to effectively get rid of headaches. But how to be pregnant women, if the majority of medicines can not be applied during the period of tooling the child? It has been proven that many drugs can cause certain violations of the child's development, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy (up to 13 weeks).

Let's try to figure out which drugs can be taken pregnant women to effectively get rid of headaches and do not affect the development of the fetus.

Often, the cause of pain can be a spasm of the vessels of the brain, the muscles of the neck or the occipital part of the head ..

In such cases, the means that in their composition contains substances, relaxing vessel walls. Due to this, there is an increase in the diameter of the vessels, the blood circulation is normalized.

It is important to know that this group of drugs is effective with tension headaches.

Antispasmodics are the safest group of painkillers during pregnancy.

"But-shpa" ("DROTAVERIN") is a drug that promotes the relaxation of smooth muscular cells. This drug affects not only the wall of the vessels, but also on the cells of the intestine, the biliary system, the urinary system, the uterus. It is for this reason "but-shp" successfully applied during pregnancy with an increased tone of the uterus.

Thanks to numerous studies, it was revealed that this medicine does not have a negative effect on the fruit, does not cause malformations.

Application must be in permissible therapeutic doses, as the dosage excess may result in side effects:

  1. Reduced pressure (up to a fainted state).
  2. Violation of cardiac rhythm (heartbeat).
  3. The appearance of a tendency to constipate (by reducing the intestinal peristals).

Contraindication to use is the individual sensitivity to the active substance, hypotension from 90/60 mm Hg.st. and below, tachycardia from 110 ° C / min.

Forbidden to use during pregnancy, the combined spaskemalgesic products, which, in addition to the antispasmodic component, contain another active ingredient - analgesic. These drugs include "Spasmalgon", "Andipal".

One of the reasons for the appearance of headaches is to increase pressure. For pregnant women, this situation is most relevant for a number of reasons:

  • an increase in circulating blood during gestation almost 40%;
  • The development of gestosis for which the pressure increase is characterized, as well as a fluid delay in the body;
  • reinforced load on the cardiovascular system;
  • The aggravation of existing chronic kidney diseases, hearts.

Increased pressure is manifested by the pains most pronounced in the occipital region. Perhaps the feeling of gravity in the head, the flashes "flies in front of the eyes."

Among the allowed hypotensive drugs of the central action are isolated ("SUPPORT"), the solution of "magnesium sulfate" ("Magnesia").

"Support" affects alpha-adrenoreceptors located in the brain.

It can be applied during the period of having a child for a number of reasons:

  1. There is no negative impact on the development of the fetus.
  2. Preserved adequate uterine-placental blood flow.

"Magnesia". When a pregnant headache associated with high pressure, good effectiveness has Magnesium sulfate solution. In addition, it is a tocolic (reduces the tone of the uterus), contributes to the removal of fluid from the body (at edema).

This medicine is successfully applied in obstetrics, it is especially necessary if pregnant gestosis has, as it affects many stones of pathogenesis.

The main method of administration is intravenous infusion, less often intramuscularly

If necessary, the tableted grades of magnesium ("Magnerot", "Magnelis", "Magne-B6") are prescribed. Their action is manifested gradually, the duration of therapy is from 10 to 30 days.

This drug group is capable of getting rid of moderate intensity without harm for the state of the fetus.

The drug penetrates through the placental barrier, but according to the conducted Paracetamol research does not have toxic and teratogenic effects (no development anomalies) on the fruit. It should be remembered that the reception of this drug must be limited.

Analogues of Paracetamol are "Panadol", Efferoralgan.

A group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory funds is not recommended for use during gestation. However, if the head hurts very much, and other drugs do not help, then follow the following rules:

  1. Avoid the use of equipment based on analgin as the most toxic of all drugs of this group.
  2. It is not recommended to take combined analgesics that contain several components that eliminate pain. These include: "Pentalgin", "Kaffetin", "Salpadein".
  3. It is better to prefer drugs with one active substance (preferably based on paracetamol).
  4. Try not to take two or more tablets in one day, as well as avoid long-term reception.
  5. If possible, avoid taking tablets in the first trimester when the formation of organs and fetus systems occurs.

Given the small selection of drugs to relieve headaches during pregnancy, you should give preference to alternative methods.

It is proved that the fingers from the frontal part of the head to the occipital (only in one direction) contributes to the elimination of the stagnation of venous blood in the sinus of the brain. This is explained by the presence of vein-perforant on the surface of the head that are associated with venous sinus.

Such massage for 15 minutes can significantly reduce pain syndrome, up to its full elimination.

For details on how to get rid of headaches with massage, look in the video:

Especially effective if the head hurts due to the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. After all, there are vertebral artery in the cervical department, the compression of which can cause painful pain in the head.

The impact on certain points of our body leads to the activation of some physiological processes. Thus, with a headache, an easy pressing on the temporal areas on both sides, lightweight arraying movements clockwise can be used.

Council of the doctor

Neck massage can be done only in the form of easy impact on the muscles, stroking, in whose case is not strong. First, movements with intensive pressure will give pain in the muscles. Secondly, there is always the likelihood of the presence of hernia, the massage at which is done very carefully.

Remove the headache will help pressing the following points: at the base of the inside edge of both eyebrows, the center of the Absorption Arc (the place of the outdoor nerve), the middle of the bridge, the point between the base 1 and 2 fingers of the brush of both hands. For each point you need to gently push, 2-3 minutes.

Effectively drink a cup of strong tea with a reduced pressure-tailed headache. Coffee drinks should not be used during pregnancy, as caffeine may cause heartbeat. With caution with diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus, which is common among pregnant women.

If a pregnant woman often hurts a head, she needs to establish his day of the day. Normalization of sleep and rest is very important. For example, a walk before bed for 15 minutes is very useful. Pains will be much less disturbing, if you pay tribute to your attention.

Contributes to relaxation and improved blood circulation in the body.

Do not get involved in aromatherapy, as some essential oils can cause an allergic reaction.

The reasons due to which the head may be sowed, at the moment, not less than 50 is known. During pregnancy, head pains of stress are most relevant, as well as arising from the pressure lift (for example, with severe gestosis).

Despite such a wide range of drugs available in the pharmacological market, during pregnancy their choice is extremely limited. Therefore, during the baby tooling, before drinking this or that medicine, it is necessary to find out the cause of headaches.

Unsystemic receiving tablets can negatively affect the development of the baby. We must not forget about the serious causes of headaches (vascular aneurysm, pathological convulsion, volume formation of the brain). To understand the mechanisms of pain syndrome, as well as the prescribing the necessary drug will help consult with a gynecologist and therapist.

This article is verified by an existing qualified physician

Victoria Druzhikina

And it can be considered a reliable source of information for users of the site.

Evaluation

Rate how the article is useful.

5

Voted 1 person,

Average rating 5.

Did you like the article? Save on the wall so as not to lose!

Have questions?

Ask a doctor's question and receive an obstetric consultation online by an exciting problem in a free or paid mode.

On our website, the apart is working and waiting for your questions more than 2,000 experienced doctors, who daily help users solve their health problems. Be healthy!

Headache

Woman with headacheNot only toxicosis can disturb the woman during pregnancy. The problem can be headaches in any trimester. The cause of headaches from those who are waiting for a child often cannot detect. Doctors suggest that the change in the balance of hormones in the body can entail the appearance of such a symptom.

When the 4th month of pregnancy passes, the head hurts less often, or does not bother a woman at all. Remember that this symptom can talk about pathologies, because it is worth noting a doctor who watches you.

The reasons

As noted above, the headache during pregnancy may arise due to increasing the level of progesterone in the body. This hormone has a relaxing effect on the uterus and vessels, which entails the appearance of head pain. Other possible reasons:

  • fatigue
  • Noise (listening to music, watching TV)
  • Stress
  • harsh odors
  • Inflammation in the sinuses of the nose (frontititis, etmoid or sinusitis)
  • Food additives in the products you buy in stores (taste amplifiers, flavors, preservatives, etc.)
  • Hypertension (which was present before conception or appeared after it)
  • Inxication of the body with intestinal infectious diseases or even with a conventional cold
  • Answering anemia
  • Long stay indoors with low oxygen
  • The lack of water in the body (pregnant sweats during exercise, consumes little water and so on.)
  • hypotension (pressure reduction)
  • Preeclampsia and eclampsia
  • Brain tumors
  • migraine
  • Neck osteochondrosis and muscle spasms of the neck (pain "gives" in the head)
  • Rare diseases (encephalitis, meningitis, stroke, aneurysm break)

The use of such products can provoke a headache in a pregnant woman:

  • Cream, sour cream
  • Orekhi
  • citrus fruit
  • Cheeses of high exposure
  • avocado
  • Bananas
  • beans
  • coffee Tea
  • chocolate
  • soy sauce
  • smoked fish

Tension headache

In this case, pregnant women characterize the pain as squeezing, there are no peaks and subsidiaries. Often arises in the evening. Also accompanied by fatigue, pain in the neck or back. Diagnostics should include research on depression and other diseases. You can take paracetamol to alleviate pain. Also relevant non-drug therapy and prophylaxis methods.

Woman with pain

Cervical osteochondrosis

Headache with the disease is strong. Such symptoms are also likely:

  • Colored spots before your eyes or "flying"
  • Dizziness
  • Noise in the head
  • Pain in shoulders and arms

The doctor is important to be attentive to the peculiarities of the history of pregnant, check if she has other symptoms that appear in the hernia of the cervical or at osteochondrosis. Diagnostics with MRI should be applied during pregnancy only if there is an extreme necessity. If the pain is impossible to tolerate, a woman can take paracetamol. With less severe pain, such funds are relevant:

  • Warming up with medicinal herbs with compressions
  • Massage of the collar zone
  • walks in the open air
  • Soft manual therapy

Hypertension

This is a persistent increase in blood pressure (AD). Pain vascular, pulsating. Localizes mainly in the occipital zone. Also show such symptoms as "flying" before the eyes, dizziness. Sometimes it is possible blood flow from the nose. It is necessary to measure regular pressure. Non-drug treatments are relevant. If the pain is strong, and hypertension is confirmed, the treatment is used or nifedipine in those doses that attributed the attending physician.

Preeclampsia

As with hypertension, pain vascular. But the associated manifestations are distinguished:

For diagnostics you need to measure blood pressure, edema control, urine delivery to a general analysis. A woman is put in the hospital, take measures to reduce pressure. In some cases, emergency delivery is made.

Anemia

Patients characterize headache as a gone (if its cause is anemia). Related signs of illness:

  • Total weakness
  • Children's head
  • Skin pallor, etc.

To determine anemia, pregnant gives blood for the general analysis and determination of serum iron. As treatment, doctors prescribe bivalent iron preparations.

Incixation of the body

Pain appears along with high body temperature. The pain diffuse, moderate. The symptoms of the underlying disease also appear. If this is an intestinal infection, there will be a stool disorders. Probabous lubrication in body, runny nose, cough, nasal congestion, etc. Pregnant to confirm the diagnosis you need to pass the blood for general analysis. The doctor also collects anamnesis. You can bring down the temperature with paracetamol.

Migraine

The pain is mainly localized on one side of the head, a rather intense, pulsating character. Before the attack can be aura. Related symptoms: light-free, tearing. Reception of paracetamol is relevant, also values ​​do not lose immicking methods of migraine therapy as causes of headaches.

Tumors (oncological reasons)

The pain can be completely different, in the morning, afternoon or evening. Accompany her neurological manifestations. MRI or computed tomography can be applied to the diagnosis. When discovering a benign tumor, surgery is prescribed after delivery. If cancer is discovered, doctors can advise you to interrupt pregnancy and treat a tumor by irradiation.

Stroke

If the cause of headaches during pregnancy in stroke, pain will be diffuse, sharp. Also typical symptoms:

  • loss of consciousness
  • Shade walking
  • Asmetry faces
  • Violation of speech
  • Palace

A person is hospitalized, pressure is measured for diagnostics, make CT. Emergency delivery is made, often operation is required.

Meningitis

This is a rare cause of headaches in pregnant women. The whole headache hurts, the pain is characterized as painting. An attribute typical for meningitis also appears: the patient lying can not press the chin to chest. The doctor should look for other signs of the disease in the patient, to analyze the spinal fluid. The reason is revealed, and appropriate therapy is assigned. It can be detoxifying drugs, antibodic drugs, antibiotics.

Treatment of headaches during pregnancy

Remember that most drugs are negatively reflected in the state of the fetus. When you become pregnant, you can no longer take all the preparations in a row as before. Pregnant to facilitating pain advantage Paracetamol or Panadol. These medicines are not dangerous for the fetus. On a day you can maximum tablets. If you suffer from headaches, relax a sufficient amount of time.

Make sure that in your apartment and other rooms where you are, there is a sufficient amount of oxygen. Sometimes for pain relief enough sleep 20-30 minutes. Watch your drinking mode. On the day you need to drink one and a half liters of water and more. If the cause of headaches is hypotension, you can take a cup of natural coffee. On the day, the maximum should be 2 cups, no more. Otherwise, the pain of the head can be even worse, and the state of the fetus will not be from the best.

If you are prone to hypertension, drink water and natural fresh juices. Do not drink less water at 5-9 months, as some doctors advise. The body will still be stocking water, and a lack of fluid with related problems is guaranteed. Even if you have toxicosis, fight correctly for the prevention of headaches. Power must be frequent, small portions. It is better to eat all the natural. For a walk with you, you can take fruit, gallery cookies, yogurt, etc.

Polyvitamins are prescribed only in cases of necessity. Gymnastics, point massage, neck massage saves from headaches. Also recommended yoga, meditation, autotraining techniques. If you felt a headache, do not throw a drink tablet. You can first take a warm shower, and after putting a cold compress on the head.

He will definitely need to tell her gynecologist about headaches. He can direct you to osteopath or neurologist. After all, the reason may be the shift of the center of gravity and the developing cervical osteochondrosis, which causes pain. Watch your posture when you stand and sit. Do not be inconvenient poses. Orthopedic pillows and mattresses are recommended for sleep.

When should I urgently consult a doctor?

I urgently go for a full-time consultation to your doctor if you have strong headaches in combination with:

  • convulsions
  • Weakness
  • By blurred vision
  • loss of consciousness
  • feeling of unfortunate fear
  • Intense pains "under the spoon"
  • sharp decrease in urine released
  • A sharp range of weight and increasing edema
  • nasal mortgage plus headache in the forehead zone and eye, dental pain (a combination of such signs speaks of a sinusitis in a pregnant woman)
  • muscle rigidity and fevering temperature
  • nausea, vomiting and shortness of breath in the third trimester of pregnancy
  • headache after you in one way or another injured the head
  • If a strong headache appeared, and it is impossible to remove it

Samomassage

This is one of the means of treating headaches in pregnant women. It is impossible to do it if there is hypertension (pressure from 150/90 mm Hg. Art.), Intensive hair loss, povered lesions of the scalp. If you have applied this method, and the condition has become worse, in the future do not use it.

Move moves vigorously, tightly pressing the fingers to the skin of the head. Make a massage no more than 15 minutes. Large and index fingers need to be captured in the folds of the skin in the area of ​​the surveillance arcs, slightly survive. Then repeat the same thing with gradual progress towards the temples from the center. Whiskey needs to knead the circular movements, pressing on them with the pads of the fingers.

Next Reception: Squad Palm and strokes from the surgical arc to the hair growth line. It also helps combing hair in different sides of the top, kneading the sample with the tips of the fingers. Next, make a sample in another place and repeat the same thing that did. You can knead the head covered with hair throughout the brush.

Next Reception: Clamp your head from two sides, spread your fingers, shift and push the skin in opposite sides. Also effective from headache neck massage, but do not press much.

Headache treatment for hypertension

The so-called gestational hypertension appears after the 20th week of to wear. But in rare cases, it is better than the appearance. If you donate the pressure twice, and obtained results from 140/90 mm Hg. Art., It speaks of hypertension (hypertension). 10 minutes before the measurement you must be alone. When measuring it is better to sit or lie on the left side to get reliable results.

Sometimes the non-drug methods help, and they are safer for the fetus. You need to minimize any physical exertion, revise your diet, refuse smoking, drugs and alcoholic beverages. Record pressure readings every day in a special diary. Also there can be noted how you feel on this day. If the pressure is kept for a long time from 150/90 mm Hg. Art., Then the gynecologist will prescribe medication therapy. Recommended these medicines as nifedipine and operated.

With hypertension, it is not recommended to transition to an invalid diet and limiting water consumption and other beverages. It may have sad consequences for the sub and future mother.

Treatment of headaches during preeclampsia and eclampsia

Preeclampsia is a state preceding eclampsia that is dangerous for the fetus and a pregnant woman. The state is developing, starting from the 20th week of gestation. Therapy is carried out in hospital conditions. Intravenous patient introduces magnesium sulfate and other drugs to stabilize pressure. Sometimes they resort to the delivery period ahead.

In order to detect and effectively treat preeclampsia, it is necessary for women from a risk group once every 10 days to hand over a general analysis of blood and urine, as well as carry out control of blood pressure.

Treatment of headaches in pregnant women in migraine

This disease has hereditary roots. Basically, it is found in female people aged 20 years. It hurts mostly some part of the head. Moreover, pain does not take at least 4 hours, a maximum of 3 days. At the same time, the light and loud sounds are poorly transferred. A person tries not to move, and then pain becomes even stronger.

Most pregnant migraines retreats, and can return again at the end of the lactation period. But rarely in the first trimester there is an increase in migraine. Treatment is carried out mainly by means of drugs. If the doctor prescribed triptans before conception, then during pregnancy it is impossible to take them. Can help harmless to future Mom Paracetamol. The attacks, most likely, will be reduced "No" after the 20th week of the baby tool. Remove products from diet, which enhance the headache with migranes. This is chocolate, bananas, sausage, etc.

Removing headaches in pregnant women with brain tumors

Sometimes nausea, vomiting and headache pregnant writes to toxicosis. But extremely rare it can be a tumor manifestation. Headache is mostly appeared in the morning, and then subsides. There are convulsions, changes in the nature of the patient, coordination disorders, violations of organ functions (which depends on the localization of tumor education).

Hormonal perestroika, which appears during pregnancy, can provoke the growth of tumors: meningioma and pituitary adenoma. They have a benign character, therefore the interrupt of pregnancy will not need.

Remember that in any case a positive attitude is excellent prevention and treatment of diseases!

Добавить комментарий